JOURNALS   


Title: REVIEW ON KARANJA OIL IN CI ENGINE AS SMART BIODIESEL
Author: Ankit Singh, H.S. Sahu
Keyword: Karanja. Jatropha, Mahua, Palm, Soybean, Performance.
Page No: 157-161
Abstract: Several woks have already been done in production of biodiesel from edible oils. In developing countries like India where consumption and cost of edible oil is very high, the biodiesel production fro m edible oils does not seems to be economically feasible. But biodiesel production from non-edible oils is economically feasible due to less consumption and cost of non-edible oils. However a lot of work has also been done on non-edible oils such as Neem, Jatropha, Karanja, and Mahua not much work has been reported on biodiesel production from Karanja oil. Limited amount of work has been done on the optimization of biodiesel production and the evaluation of performance and emission characteristics of diesel engine fueled with karanja biodiesel. Keywords: Karanja. Jatropha, Mahua, Palm, Soybean, Performance. Download PDF


Title: IMPLEMENTATION OF 11 LEVEL INVERTOR WITH PMSG FOR WIND MILL
Author: M.A.Gaidhani and Alka Thakur
Keyword: Turbine, variable speed wind turbine, wind energy conversion systems, permanent magnet synchronous generators.
Page No: 162-166
Abstract: To cope up with challenges of power demand and supply gap it’s essential to deal with the advancement in the field of renewable energy with highest potential. In country like India where the power sy stem restructuring and advancement in energy sector is taking rise in recent years, so it’s great opportunity to have a system with the isolated operation due to variations in the geographical conditions. In this work a wind mill technology with the isolated operation is presented of 8.5kW, for residential purpose. The direct drive PMSG (permanent magnet synchronous generator) type of generator is used, which is suitable for the variable kind of wind speed. A performance of the PMSG is studied under the different wind speed conditions with the adequate control mechanism. As due to change in the speed of wind the voltage and current changes, these variations are avoided by means of adjusting the control signal PWM provided to the buck boost converter. With the lead acid battery a constant DC voltage level is maintained at the input terminals of inverter. 11 level inverter topology is used to avoid the harmonics contents in the output side with passive LC filter. For optimal power from the wind turbine and to ensure maximum efficiency MPPT block is used which improves the reliability of the system. The simulation study is carried out based on MATLAB/Simulink to validate the proposed system control algorithms. Keyword: Turbine, variable speed wind turbine, wind energy conversion systems, permanent magnet synchronous generators. Download PDF


Title: SPATIO-TEMPORAL ANALYSIS OF RAINFALL DISTRIBUTION AND VARIABILITY OVER THE DROUGHT – PRONE TAHSILS IN JALGAON DISTRICT OF MAHARASHTRA STATE
Author: Patil Namdeo Arjun, Suryawanshi Dnyaneshwar Shivaji and Kate Asha Madhukar
Keyword: Annual and seasonal rainfall, rainfall variability, trend and Precipitation ratio.
Page No: 146-158
Abstract: The study area is located in the drought-prone areas of Jalgaon district in North part of the Maharashtra state- The major occupation of the people in this region is farming which is mostly rainfed, whereas inter annual and seasonal variability is high and droughts are frequent in this region. Crop production in this semi-arid region is largely determined by climatic and soil factors. Rainfall is the limiting factor in these areas. It governs the crop yields and determines the choice of the crops that can be grown. Therefore, a detailed knowledge of regime is an important prerequisite for agricultural planning. Analysis of rainfall of the study is based on 31 years (1980-2010) of monthly, seasonal and annual rainfall data for a 9 rain gauge stations. While analyzing the long-term average of monthly and annual rainfall, the annual rainfall of the study area is 682.78mm, of which the winter, summer, southwest and northeast monsoon record 6.12, 14.29, 594.37 and 68.00mm respectively. The station, Amalner receives the highest rainfall of 1639.6mm in the year 1992, whereas Erandol records the lowest of 267mm in the year 1982. The region receives the highest average rainfall of 1082.11mm in the year 1998 and lowest average rainfall of 444.73mm in the year 2000. The annual variability ranges from 23% to 37%. The southern part of the region experiences the heavy rainfall, whereas the west, north, northeast part of the region experiences the lowest rainfall. The shaded region shows significant correlation coefficient with 5% level of significance. Keyword: Annual and seasonal rainfall, rainfall variability, trend and Precipitation ratio. Download PDF


Title: USE OF GIS URBAN PLANNING SCIENCE
Author: Sadaf Kheirodin
Keyword: Urban, regional city, planning, GIS.
Page No: 159-165
Abstract: The development of the city will bring new opportunities for urban GIS. Urban and regional planners use Esri technology to envision a better future for communities. Take a geospatial approach to crea te safe, vibrant places where people can live, work, learn, and play. Planners, developers, landscape architects, and urban designers can use Esri maps and spatial analytics to make the case for change, streamline the development process, and engage citizens. GIS has expanded from a niche technology used by specialists to an integrated information technology used throughout an organization. While the demand for staff who specialize in GIS persists, numerous planning and economic development, community development, and public works professionals are embracing GIS as a basic tool for conducting their daily business. ESRI supports both approaches with an array of tools for GIS professionals performing georeferenced tasks and those who use GIS in many disciplines to improve efficiency and productivity and centralize information. Many planning departments that have acquired mapping systems in the past have since shifted to GIS in lieu of mapping software (French and Wiggins 1990). With the increase in user friendliness and the number of functions of GIS software, and the marked decrease in the prices of GIS hardware, GIS is now an operational and affordable information system for planning. It is increasingly becoming an important component in the planning support system. Recent advances in the integration of GIS with planning models, visualization, and the Internet will make GIS more useful to urban planning. Today, the main constraints on the use of GIS in urban planning are not technical issues, but the availability of data, organizational change, and staffing. Key words: Urban, regional city, planning, GIS. Download PDF


Title: CODE REUSABILITY WITH ASPECT USING OBJECT ORIENTED PROGRAMMING LANGUAGE
Author: Shrikant Patel
Keyword: AOP, OOP, aspect, cross- cutting, Aspect, Rapid development.
Page No: 166-171
Abstract: A standout amongst the significant profits of Object-Oriented programming is that it helps legacy similarly as an instrument to code reuse incremental adjustment, Well-established. Object-oriented in novations in white-box frameworks aggravate exhaustively use. Aspect-Oriented modifying (AOP) may be another technology, which backs an additional development instrument that’s intentional may be empower the superior detachment of worries. Across the world useful perspective dialects in Aspect would expand upon object-oriented modifying languages, and in that route it will be conceivable with consolidate both development instruments. This paper reveals the implementation of aspect in object oriented programming language to overcome the problem of cross cutting concerns and aspects are used to less memory occupancy and to increase the processing speed. Keyword: AOP, OOP, aspect, cross- cutting, Aspect, Rapid development. Download PDF


Title: ANALYTICAL METHOD VALIDATION: PLANNING AND ITS SIGNIFICANCE
Author: Ravindra B. Nehete, Pushpendra Sharma
Keyword: Planning, Validation, Analysis, Significance, Methodology.
Page No: 172-177
Abstract: Analytical method validation is demonstration for analytical procedure that it is suitable for intended purpose, method validation is must for the all analytical methods for which we requires precise and accurate results. Every analytical method should either verified or revalidated to check its appropriate use for its intended purpose. Analytical method validation initiated with development of Analytical method and through process of drug commercialization and finally culminated in market. This study provides the thorough review of method development, optimization and validation of the analytical method for the drug substance as well as drug product from initial development to commercialization of the drug product. This process includes the intermediate stages including in-process analysis and stability study for better quality control of the drug product. Analytical method is documentation process proving that equipment, system, materials, procedure, activities and process are performing as per expectation and provides the specific, linear, precise, accurate, robust, etc. results. Analytical method should provide reproducible results even when analysis performed in same or different laboratories by suing different make chemicals, equipments and by different analyst in different environmental conditions. In this review article, we discussed about analytical method validation, importance of planning and its consequences. Keywords: Planning, Validation, Analysis, Significance, Methodology. Download PDF


Title: IN VITRO PROPOGATION STUDIES ON TECTONA GRANDIS & ALBIZIA LEBBECK
Author: Mrs. Shraddha Vikrant Gupta
Keyword: Explant, in-vitro condition, Tectona grandis, Albizia lebbeck, phenolic compounds.
Page No: 178-180
Abstract: The present study deals with the explants of Tectona grandis & Albizia lebbeck. Explant of these species which is used in plant tissue culture may be an apical bud, root or shoot tip, ovule, anther, and an embryo. Establishment of explants under in-vitro conditions and hardening of plantlet to green house condition has to be done. A thorough study of this teak explant and the in-vitro culture response in co-relation with phenol was observed. The result of present study shows that the explant of the species contains a lots of phenolic compound and these compound arrest the growth of explants under in-vitro condition. Keyword: Explant, in-vitro condition, Tectona grandis, Albizia lebbeck, phenolic compounds. Download PDF


Title: PROXIMATE AND ULTIMATE ANALYSES OF PALM KERNEL SHELL AS PRECURSOR FOR ACTIVATED CARBON
Author: Joseph A. Lori*, Lydia Afolabi and Anako O. Lawal
Keyword: Palm kernel shell, Activated Carbon, cellulosic materials.
Page No: 181-186
Abstract: This study reports the proximate and ultimate characteristics of palm kernel shell in relation to their suitability for producing highly porous carbon. The results of ad hoc samples indicated, that p article size has a decisive influence on the proximate characteristics of palm kernel shell. The effects of particle size on weight loss characteristics; rates of dehydration and de-volatilization of the carbon precursors were used to assess particle sizes that may be appropriate for carbonization. Particle sizes of 425-1180 µm are thus, suggested to be the most desirable, for the production of good quality porous carbon. This range of particles of palm kernel shell were associated with diminishing ash contents. However, the optimum particle size of the cellulosic materials that is expected to yield highly porous carbon with minimum ash contents is 1180 µm. Keyword: Palm kernel shell, Activated Carbon, cellulosic materials. Download PDF


Title: FACTORS AFFECTING ADHERENCE IN ASTHMA CHILDREN’S AND ASSESS THE IMPACT OF PATIENT COUNSELING
Author: Arul Prakasam K C* Sethilkumar N
Keyword: Bronchial asthma, Non-adherence, Health education
Page No: 60-66
Abstract: Objectives: To study the adherence in Asthma children’s and to assess the factors contributing to non-adherence. Methodology: A total of 368 patients with bronchial asthma were studied over a period of two years at two different hospitals in Tamilnadu in India. Once included in the study, patient’s follow-up was done for three months. Percentage adherence therapy was calculated. If patient was non-compliant to the therapy, were employed various health education strategies to improve the adherence in these patients. Results: A total of 368 patients with bronchial asthma who were started therapy over duration of two years were included in the study. At the end of three months, it was observed that, 344 patients (93.49%) were having non-adherence. Factors that were associated with poor adherence were: lower educational level status, poor socio-economic status, cumbersome regimens, fears about side effects, anger about condition or its treatment, forgetfulness or complacency and patient’s ill attitudes toward health. After employing various strategies for improving patients, the adherence rate improved patients in 142 patients (41.27.3%) among the earlier non-adherence patients, while the remaining 202 patients (58.72%) were found to be non-adherence even after various educational techniques. Conclusions: Non adherence in asthma management is a fact of life and improving strategy probably will be as effective as a good physician–patient relationship. We observed, despite institution of various education strategies, it is difficult to improve adherence towards aerosol therapy in patients with bronchial asthma. Key Words: Bronchial asthma, Non-adherence, Health education Download PDF


Title: A STUDY ON EVALUATION OF ANTHRACYCLINE INDUCED CARDIOTOXICITY IN CHEMOTHERAPY PATIENTS IN A TERTIARY CARE HOSPITAL
Author: Neethu Muralidharan*, Geetha K, Dr. Ramaprabha Hari
Keyword: Anthracyclines, Cardiotoxicity, Age, Gender, Combination Therapy
Page No: 67-78
Abstract: A prime limiting factor in the administration of anthracyclines is cardiotoxicity. AIM : was to evaluate anthracycline induced cardiotoxicity among chemotherapy patients in a tertiary care hospital. Materials and Methods: A retrospective observational study was carried among patients treated with anthracyclines alone or in combination with other chemo drugs. One hundred and fifty patients were enrolled and data collection form was designed to collect data on social demographic characteristics, parameters like Type, Root and Duration of administration, Type of Regiment administered, Cardiac assessment of the patients before, during and after anthracycline chemotherapy, any reassessment done after sixth cycle of chemotherapy from patient medical records. Results and Discussion: Out of 150 patients 7 were found to be cardiotoxic (2 males and 5 females (p<0.045)), 6 patients of age above 51 were cardiotoxic (p<0.025). 2 patients (n=43) with 30 min duration of administration, 3 patient (n=71) with 1 hour duration, 2 patients (n=9) with 2 hour duration (p<0.010) were cardiotoxic. 1 patient (n=54) and 6 patients (n=96) were cardiotoxic after cycle 6 and cycle 8 respectively (p<0.022). 3 patients (n=28) of anthracycline and cyclophosphamide combination showed cardiotoxicity (p<0.032). Conclusion: Current study concludes that the prevalence of anthracycline induced cardiotoxicity was low due to close and strict monitoring of patients before, during and after each cycle of chemotherapy and even during the follow up which may extend up to several years. Keywords: Anthracyclines, Cardiotoxicity, Age, Gender, Combination Therapy Download PDF


Title: DEVELOPMENT AND VALIDATION OF ANALYTICAL METHOD FOR SIMULTANEOUS ESTIMATION OF OFLOXACIN AND OMEPRAZOLE IN BULK DRUG
Author: Sarmita Rania, Manish Majumder, Amit Sharma, Amit Rai, Durgadas Anghore
Keyword: Simultaneous quantitative determination, UV, HPLC and Ofloxacin and Omeprazole.
Page No: 79-87
Abstract: Ofloxacin (OFL) and Omeprazole (OMP) are synthetic drugs active against H. Pylori. UV-Spectrophotometric analytical method was validated to assay Ofloxacin and Omeprazole in tablet. Measurements were taken at 298 and 302 nm using methanol and water as solvent. This new method was developed and validated in accordance with ICH requirements, which include linearity, precision, accuracy, specificity, detection and quantitation limits. The simultaneous estimation method demonstrated good linearity over the range of 5-30 µg/mL. The mean percentage recoveries were 101.11, 100.86 of OMP and OFL. In Derivative spectroscopy, percentage recovery of OMP and OFL were 101.13, 100.86. In Zero crossing method, values found were 101.73, 101.53 OMP and OFL respectively. The repeatability values were found 0.0045, 0.0053 for OMP, 0.0058 and 0.0054 for OFL in simultaneous method. In first order derivative spectroscopy, values were found 0.0045, 0.0053 for OMP, 0.0058 and 0.0054 for OFL at 225 and 235 nm. In simultaneous estimation method, LOD values were found to be 2.29, 1.56 and LOQ values were 2.86, 2.72 for OFL and OMP respectively, in first order derivatives, LOD values were found to be 2.65 and 2.08. LOQ values were 4.75, 3.92 for OMP and OFL respectively, In Q Analysis method, LOD values were found to be 1.97 and 2.64. LOQ values were 3.32, 3.84 for OMP and OFL respectively. In house Formulation by simultaneous equation method showed that the percentages 101.98, 101.21 and 102.31, 102.01 for OMP and OFL. In first order derivative spectroscopy method, values were 102.31, 102.09 for OMP and 102.12, 101.96 for OFL, In Q-Analysis method, values were found 102.65, 102.41 for OMP and 102.32, 101.78 for OFL. The proposed method might be applied in routine quality control in the pharmaceutical industries since it is precise, accurate, simple, and economic, produces very low amounts of solvents and residues. .Keywords: Simultaneous quantitative determination, UV, HPLC and Ofloxacin and Omeprazole. Download PDF


Title: A STUDY TO ASSESS THE EFFECTIVENESS OF ACUPRESSURE ON MENSTRUAL PAIN PERCEPTION AMONG ADOLESCENT GIRLS WITH DYSMENORRHEA IN TEERTHANKER MAHAVEER GIRL’S HOSTEL AT MORADABAD, UP
Author: Meenakshi Bisht, N.V.Muninarayanappa, Nageshewar V, A.S.Agasthiya.
Keyword: Effectiveness, Acupressure, Adolescent girls, Dysmenorrhea.
Page No: 144-149
Abstract: This study was conducted to assess the effectiveness of acupressure on menstrual pain perception among adolescent girls with dysmenorrhea in Teerthanker Mahaveer girl’s hostel at Moradabad. The main aim of this study was to assess the effect of acupressure on menstrual pain perception among adolescent girls, living in the girl’s hostel. A quantitative research approach was adopted and sample was from the adolescent’s girls who are living in girl’s hostel. Structured Andrea Mankoski pain scale was used to measure the level of pain perception. Collected data was analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics. Level of pain perception was tabulated by mean and comparisons in pain perception were known using standard deviation ‘Unpaired T’ test. Association was measured by chi-square test. The study revealed that, during pre test, 5% adolescent girls had mild pain, 88.33% had moderate pain and 6.67% had severe pain during menstrual pain perception. Contrary to this, post test revealed 3.34% adolescent girl had no pain , 43.33% had mild pain and 53.33% had moderate pain during menstrual pain perception. The difference in pain perception reveled that experimental group have mean score of 3.47 with standard deviation of 2.21, while control group have mean score of 4.27 and standard deviation of 1.08. Key Words: Effectiveness, Acupressure, Adolescent girls, Dysmenorrhea. Download PDF


Title: REVIEW ON EFFECTS OF HYPERTONIC SODIUM BICARBONATE WITH AND WITHOUT LACTETE RINGER SOLUTION ON POTASSIUM COMPENSATION, REHYDRATION STATUS, ENDOCRINAL RESPONSE AND ACIDE-BASE BALANCE IN CALVES WITH METABOLIC ACIDOSIS
Author: Bulent Elitok
Keyword: Metabolic Acidosis, Calves, Sodium Bicarbonate, Lactate Ringer Solution, Acide-Base Balance, Endocrin Response
Page No: 150-153
Abstract: Dehydration in neonatal calves with diarrhea caused by metabolic acidosis is a common cause of death. Severely dehydrated calves that are unable to suckle need intravenous fluids for effective resusc itation. The aim of fluid therapy in metabolic acidosis is to replace the water and electrolytes that are lost in the scour. The solutions must have adequate buffers to correct the acidosis, and adequate energy for absorption of fluids from the intestines. Different brands are available, however it is very important to realise that not all electrolyte products on the market fit these criteria, in fact many are far from it. Some researchers claim that LR has a better clinical correction than NaCl, illustrated by more rapid physiological correction, showing that mixed metabolic acidosis was corrected quicker and more appropriately with this treatment. Moreover, hyperosmolality and hypernatremic states were also corrected with both solutions, but more quickly with LR. Hypertonic sodium bicarbonate solutions (1.3-8.4%) are also used in the treatment of metbolic acidosis in calves. Main questions are that how much fluid does a calf lose when it is scouring? What type of fluid is the best? Can I mix the electrolytes with the milk? Aims of this review are find out the correct answers to these questions. Key words: Metabolic Acidosis, Calves, Sodium Bicarbonate, Lactate Ringer Solution, Acide-Base Balance, Endocrin Response Download PDF


Title: A REVIEW ON COMPARISON OF CATTLE BREEDING IN TRADITIONAL LIVESTOCK ESTABLISHMENTS WITH TRADITIONAL BARNS IN TERMS OF INTERNAL MEDICINE PARAMETERS
Author: Bulent Elitok, Mustafa I Kilic
Keyword: Animal, welfare, traditional, modern, barn, stress
Page No: 154-162
Abstract: Animal welfare is a combination of qualitative and quantitative characteristics that determine the living conditions of animals such as health and disease, behavior, care and management in the enviro nment. The concept of prosperity was formerly used only for physical environmental conditions such as accommodation and feeding, which made the animal healthy and productive. For now, it is possible for an animal to come to the top of the conditions it lived in. An animal is in good health if it is healthy, if it is healthy, if it is comforting, if it is well fed, if it is safe, if it can exhibit behaviors specific to the species, if not afraid, without pain, Stress is a very important parameter in terms of animal welfare. Proper nutrition and shelter conditions, adequate humidity and temperature, adequate light and uncompressed stables will allow the animals to be strasted away and to live in prosperity. This will have positive effects on yield and blood parameters. The aim of this article is to compare the occurrence of animal welfare in modern and traditional feeds with current literature. Keywords: Animal, welfare, traditional, modern, barn, stress Download PDF


Title: INVESTIGATION ON EFFECTS OF ORALLY GIVEN SEPIOLITE ON RUMINAL PROTOZOA IN CATTLE
Author: Bulent Elitok and Serdar Guvlu
Keyword: Cattle, protozoa, rumen, sepiolite, Usak Province
Page No: 163-173
Abstract: Sepiolite has been used in antacid and antidiarrheal drugs for several years because of its adsorptive properties. Another important use of sepiolite is in drilling fluids. Sepiolite is used in drili ng fluids, because the viscosity and gel strength of a sepiolite mud are not affected by variations in electrolytic content. It is suggested that sepiolite will be cause importantant effects on rumen microflora and fauna with its features. An important part of the digestion in the rumen that made up from microfauna created by rumen protozoa. In this study were evaluated the effect orally given sepiolite on rumen protozoa in totally 100 animals (80 experimental and 20 control group) ages between 6 and18 months growth by public in Usak Region. Besides the examination of rumen protozoa, all the animals were examinated regarding to their clinical, haematological and biochemical parameters. It was envisaged that orally given sepiolite would increase the efficiency of the rumen protozoa and higher feed benefits in this study. The present study was considered to be scientifically assessed work of one of the most important values of our contry sepiolite in animal health. Keywords: Cattle, protozoa, rumen, sepiolite, Usak Province Download PDF


Title: INSURGENCY AS A STUMBLING BLOCK TO THE DEVELOPMENT OF TOURISM INDUSTRY OF KASHMIR VALLEY
Author: Towseef Mohi Ud Din Sheikh*, Lateef Ahmad Mir
Keyword: Tourism, Insurgency, Kashmir, Valley, Political disturbances, income, employment.
Page No: 117-121
Abstract: - The current study contributes to show that how the current political disturbance effects the tourism sector of Kashmir valley. The study contains the analysis on tourism sector of Kashmir which bec ame the major casualty during the years of insurgency. The present study contains both secondary and primary sources of data. In primary phase interview schedule has been used as a source for data collection. It was employed with great precision to get the accurate magnitude. The secondary phase contains information from journals, books, research papers and official reports related to insurgency. Key words: Tourism, Insurgency, Kashmir, Valley, Political disturbances, income, employment. Download PDF


Title: LITERATURE ANALYSIS OF DEMONETIZATION: BLESSING OR BANE TO THE INDIAN ECONOMY
Author: Dr. Jayshree Gupta and Dr. Vishalkrishan Sood
Keyword: Demonetization; Defilement; Black Money; Swapping; Black Economy.
Page No: 122-129
Abstract: - One declaration by the legislatures of India on 8th, October, 2016 was to pull back 500 and 1,000 rupee notes from flow and making it an illicit delicate to revoke the estimation of 86% cash with t he essential point of pursuing black money, checking defilement, ceasing the subsidizing of psychological warfare and to handle the issue of fake money has influenced the Indian economy all things considered. The demonetization had an incredible, critical and prompt effect on the condition of the Indian economy. This paper endeavors to gage the effect of demonetization on general economy when about a large portion of the economy runs totally on the premise of money exchanges. This paper gives a reasonable picture of changing situation from swapping of cash to swiping of cards, changing over to click from physical bank and furthermore endeavors to break down whether demonetization was fruitful in accomplishing its goals. This paper tosses light on difficulties and openings post demonetization in India. This paper gives a basic investigation of part of monetary framework in the achievement of demonetization in India. This examination is simply in light of secondary information, which is gathered from newspapers, magazines, sites from web, some helpful books were identified with theme and so on. Key words: Demonetization; Defilement; Black Money; Swapping; Black Economy. Download PDF