Current Issue ( Vol. : 5, Issue: 4, October- December 2017)   


Title: SPATIO-TEMPORAL ANALYSIS OF RAINFALL DISTRIBUTION AND VARIABILITY OVER THE DROUGHT – PRONE TAHSILS IN JALGAON DISTRICT OF MAHARASHTRA STATE
Author: Patil Namdeo Arjun, Suryawanshi Dnyaneshwar Shivaji and Kate Asha Madhukar
Keyword: Annual and seasonal rainfall, rainfall variability, trend and Precipitation ratio.
Page No: 146-158
Abstract: The study area is located in the drought-prone areas of Jalgaon district in North part of the Maharashtra state- The major occupation of the people in this region is farming which is mostly rainfed, whereas inter annual and seasonal variability is high and droughts are frequent in this region. Crop production in this semi-arid region is largely determined by climatic and soil factors. Rainfall is the limiting factor in these areas. It governs the crop yields and determines the choice of the crops that can be grown. Therefore, a detailed knowledge of regime is an important prerequisite for agricultural planning. Analysis of rainfall of the study is based on 31 years (1980-2010) of monthly, seasonal and annual rainfall data for a 9 rain gauge stations. While analyzing the long-term average of monthly and annual rainfall, the annual rainfall of the study area is 682.78mm, of which the winter, summer, southwest and northeast monsoon record 6.12, 14.29, 594.37 and 68.00mm respectively. The station, Amalner receives the highest rainfall of 1639.6mm in the year 1992, whereas Erandol records the lowest of 267mm in the year 1982. The region receives the highest average rainfall of 1082.11mm in the year 1998 and lowest average rainfall of 444.73mm in the year 2000. The annual variability ranges from 23% to 37%. The southern part of the region experiences the heavy rainfall, whereas the west, north, northeast part of the region experiences the lowest rainfall. The shaded region shows significant correlation coefficient with 5% level of significance. Keyword: Annual and seasonal rainfall, rainfall variability, trend and Precipitation ratio. Download PDF


Title: USE OF GIS URBAN PLANNING SCIENCE
Author: Sadaf Kheirodin
Keyword: Urban, regional city, planning, GIS.
Page No: 159-165
Abstract: The development of the city will bring new opportunities for urban GIS. Urban and regional planners use Esri technology to envision a better future for communities. Take a geospatial approach to crea te safe, vibrant places where people can live, work, learn, and play. Planners, developers, landscape architects, and urban designers can use Esri maps and spatial analytics to make the case for change, streamline the development process, and engage citizens. GIS has expanded from a niche technology used by specialists to an integrated information technology used throughout an organization. While the demand for staff who specialize in GIS persists, numerous planning and economic development, community development, and public works professionals are embracing GIS as a basic tool for conducting their daily business. ESRI supports both approaches with an array of tools for GIS professionals performing georeferenced tasks and those who use GIS in many disciplines to improve efficiency and productivity and centralize information. Many planning departments that have acquired mapping systems in the past have since shifted to GIS in lieu of mapping software (French and Wiggins 1990). With the increase in user friendliness and the number of functions of GIS software, and the marked decrease in the prices of GIS hardware, GIS is now an operational and affordable information system for planning. It is increasingly becoming an important component in the planning support system. Recent advances in the integration of GIS with planning models, visualization, and the Internet will make GIS more useful to urban planning. Today, the main constraints on the use of GIS in urban planning are not technical issues, but the availability of data, organizational change, and staffing. Key words: Urban, regional city, planning, GIS. Download PDF


Title: CODE REUSABILITY WITH ASPECT USING OBJECT ORIENTED PROGRAMMING LANGUAGE
Author: Shrikant Patel
Keyword: AOP, OOP, aspect, cross- cutting, Aspect, Rapid development.
Page No: 166-171
Abstract: A standout amongst the significant profits of Object-Oriented programming is that it helps legacy similarly as an instrument to code reuse incremental adjustment, Well-established. Object-oriented in novations in white-box frameworks aggravate exhaustively use. Aspect-Oriented modifying (AOP) may be another technology, which backs an additional development instrument that’s intentional may be empower the superior detachment of worries. Across the world useful perspective dialects in Aspect would expand upon object-oriented modifying languages, and in that route it will be conceivable with consolidate both development instruments. This paper reveals the implementation of aspect in object oriented programming language to overcome the problem of cross cutting concerns and aspects are used to less memory occupancy and to increase the processing speed. Keyword: AOP, OOP, aspect, cross- cutting, Aspect, Rapid development. Download PDF


Title: ANALYTICAL METHOD VALIDATION: PLANNING AND ITS SIGNIFICANCE
Author: Ravindra B. Nehete, Pushpendra Sharma
Keyword: Planning, Validation, Analysis, Significance, Methodology.
Page No: 172-177
Abstract: Analytical method validation is demonstration for analytical procedure that it is suitable for intended purpose, method validation is must for the all analytical methods for which we requires precise and accurate results. Every analytical method should either verified or revalidated to check its appropriate use for its intended purpose. Analytical method validation initiated with development of Analytical method and through process of drug commercialization and finally culminated in market. This study provides the thorough review of method development, optimization and validation of the analytical method for the drug substance as well as drug product from initial development to commercialization of the drug product. This process includes the intermediate stages including in-process analysis and stability study for better quality control of the drug product. Analytical method is documentation process proving that equipment, system, materials, procedure, activities and process are performing as per expectation and provides the specific, linear, precise, accurate, robust, etc. results. Analytical method should provide reproducible results even when analysis performed in same or different laboratories by suing different make chemicals, equipments and by different analyst in different environmental conditions. In this review article, we discussed about analytical method validation, importance of planning and its consequences. Keywords: Planning, Validation, Analysis, Significance, Methodology. Download PDF


Title: IN VITRO PROPOGATION STUDIES ON TECTONA GRANDIS & ALBIZIA LEBBECK
Author: Mrs. Shraddha Vikrant Gupta
Keyword: Explant, in-vitro condition, Tectona grandis, Albizia lebbeck, phenolic compounds.
Page No: 178-180
Abstract: The present study deals with the explants of Tectona grandis & Albizia lebbeck. Explant of these species which is used in plant tissue culture may be an apical bud, root or shoot tip, ovule, anther, and an embryo. Establishment of explants under in-vitro conditions and hardening of plantlet to green house condition has to be done. A thorough study of this teak explant and the in-vitro culture response in co-relation with phenol was observed. The result of present study shows that the explant of the species contains a lots of phenolic compound and these compound arrest the growth of explants under in-vitro condition. Keyword: Explant, in-vitro condition, Tectona grandis, Albizia lebbeck, phenolic compounds. Download PDF


Title: PROXIMATE AND ULTIMATE ANALYSES OF PALM KERNEL SHELL AS PRECURSOR FOR ACTIVATED CARBON
Author: Joseph A. Lori*, Lydia Afolabi and Anako O. Lawal
Keyword: Palm kernel shell, Activated Carbon, cellulosic materials.
Page No: 181-186
Abstract: This study reports the proximate and ultimate characteristics of palm kernel shell in relation to their suitability for producing highly porous carbon. The results of ad hoc samples indicated, that p article size has a decisive influence on the proximate characteristics of palm kernel shell. The effects of particle size on weight loss characteristics; rates of dehydration and de-volatilization of the carbon precursors were used to assess particle sizes that may be appropriate for carbonization. Particle sizes of 425-1180 µm are thus, suggested to be the most desirable, for the production of good quality porous carbon. This range of particles of palm kernel shell were associated with diminishing ash contents. However, the optimum particle size of the cellulosic materials that is expected to yield highly porous carbon with minimum ash contents is 1180 µm. Keyword: Palm kernel shell, Activated Carbon, cellulosic materials. Download PDF