ARCHIVES(Journal of Harmonized Research in Applied Science)


Title: EFFECTS OF NEUTRALIZATION AND BLEACHING PROCESS ON FATTY ACID AND TRIGLYCERIDE COMPOSITIONS OF POMACE-OLIVE OIL
Author: Kamel Essid*, Wafa Jahouach-Rabai, Mahmoud Trabelsi and Mohamed Hédi Frikha
Keyword: Pomace-olive oil, Neutralization, Activated clays; bleaching process; fatty acids, triacylglycerols.
Page No: 257-270
Abstract: Abstract This work is a contribution to the study of the refining process, especially the neutralization and the bleaching steps, which are very important stages in the refining process of vegetable oils. The results of the different analyses by chromatographic methods (CPG and HPLC) and a theoretical calculation, bearing on the distribution of the fatty acids on the internal and external positions of glycerol, enabled us to put in a prominent position the effects of neutralizing as well as bleaching on the physicochemical properties of treated oils. It was shown that activated Tunisian clays are characterized by a very important adsorptive capacity, comparable to that of commercial clays. Also, the physicochemical stability of bleached oils was studied. The fatty acid and triacylglycerol compositions allowed us to conclude that oils, neutralized with soda and bleached with the Tunisian activated clays, do not undergo considerable physicochemical alterations and remain corresponding to the international standards for refined oils for human consumption. Keywords: Pomace-olive oil, Neutralization, Activated clays; bleaching process; fatty acids, triacylglycerols. Download PDF


Title: IMPORTANCE OF STILL PHOTOGRAPHY AT SCENE OF CRIME: A FORENSIC VS. JUDICIAL PERSPECTIVE
Author: Richa Rohatgi* and A.K. Kapoor
Keyword: Crime sketches, Forensic photography
Page No: 271-274
Abstract: “A picture is worth a thousand words and it is especially true in crime scene photography.” Photography is the basis of all crime scenes and is carried out on priority. Photographs and crime sketches are the most effective and simplest way to represent a crime scene by the Investigating officer. They are most useful in supplying significant bits and pieces with exact measurement of the site and evidence where the crime has occurred. The purpose of crime scene photography is to provide a true and accurate record of the crime scene and physical evidence present by recording the original scene and related areas. No matter how well an investigator can verbally describe a crime scene; photographs can tell the same story better and more easily as it freezes time and records the evidences. Forensic photography is an integral part of trial. And the judgment often is based upon crime scene photographs to prove prima facie evidence.Download PDF


Title: IMPARTING HUMAN VALUES THROUGH ENGLISH LANGUAGE ACQUISITION
Author: Jaspreet Kaur
Keyword: Value, Education, English, Language, Morals, Communication.
Page No: 275-278
Abstract: As stated by Afred Mercier-“What we learn with pleasure we never forget”.Hence,we should have such a way of imparting value education through English language that a student never forgets it. The mai n focus of this paper is on the values and morals that play a role in English language teaching and also defines terms such as values and morals from a general educational perspective. The objective of this paper is two fold. On one hand, it describes the need of value based education and on the other hand it focuses on how English language can be an effective tool to inculcate values in students. It also emanates light on how specific values may be taught by language through communication skills and special varieties of language in specific areas .It has also tried to focus on a few strategies that might help in learning English language with better values. Keywords: Value, Education, English, Language, Morals, Communication. Download PDF


Title: PREPARATION OF FARMER’S FRIENDLY REAL TIME LEAF COLOUR CHART (RTLCC) FOR JUDICIOUS MANAGEMENT OF NITROGEN FERTILIZER IN RICE FIELD
Author: Suman Sarkar and Kaushik Chakraborty
Keyword: Rice plant, Inorganic N fertilizer, real time leaf colour chart
Page No: 279-287
Abstract: Selection of proper dose of inorganic N fertilizer in relation to the growth stage of rice plant is given priority for effective field nutrient management. Farmers either follow typical leaf colour ch art (LCC) or rely on conventional knowledge to apply N which often underscore the actual field nutrient necessity. The usual LCC, that are generally in practice, has only four green colour bands of different concentration and so does not represents the gradual change of leaf colour. Further reliance on farmer’s conventional knowledge may sometime have proven unscientific and less prudent. In this contemplation the present real time leaf colour chart (RTLCC) which have a wide colour range enable the farmer to determine the required N dose more accurately and scientifically for effective field management . Key Words:- Rice plant, Inorganic N fertilizer, real time leaf colour chart Download PDF


Title: VISCOMETRIC STUDIES OF SODIUMDODECYL SULPHATE IN PRESENCE AND ABSENCE OF Na2SO4 AND ZnSO4 IN AQUEOUS MEDIA AT ROOM TEMPERATURE
Author: Kuber Limbu, Sujit Kumar Shah, Ajaya Bhattarai
Keyword: Sodiumdodecyl sulphate, viscosity, critical micelle concentration, Na2SO4, ZnSO4.
Page No: 288-294
Abstract: The precise measurement of viscosity of sodiumdodecyl sulphate (SDS) in presence and in absence of Na2SO4 and ZnSO4 in aqueous media is reported. The concentration of sodiumdodecyl sulphate (SDS) vari es from (0.06 to 0.004) mol.lt-1 where as the salts concentrations as 0.01M Na2SO4 and 0.01M ZnSO4. The results showed a sharp increase in viscosity with increase in concentration of sodiumdodecyl sulphate after the critical micelle concentration (CMC) in absence and presence of Na2SO4 and ZnSO4. The viscosity values of SDS are found to be higher in presence of Na2SO4 than in presence of ZnSO4 whereas the critical micelle concentration (CMC) value decreases more in presence of Na2SO4 and than ZnSO4. Key words: Sodiumdodecyl sulphate, viscosity, critical micelle concentration, Na2SO4, ZnSO4. Download PDF


Title: DEVELOPING AND FILED TEST OF A LOW-COST UNMANNED AERIAL VEHICLE FOR USING THE DIGITAL IMAGE CORRELATION METHOD
Author: Wen-Pei Sung,*, Ming-Hsiang Shih, Han-Wei Hsiao and Shih-Heng Tung
Keyword: Digital Image Correlation Method (DIC), Auto-Pilot, Open Source, unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV)
Page No: 295-299
Abstract: Taiwan is located on Pacific seismic belt. Otherwise, global warming causes climate change to induce heavy precipitation and typhoons in summer. Therefore, people in Taiwan experience earthquakes and typhoons many times every year. Unfortunately, geological conditions in Taiwan can not suffer these kind nature hits to cause natural disasters, affected the life and property of people seriously. In order to rescue people’s life and protect property of citizens, disaster areas need to be investigated as soon as possible to provide more information for national rescue teams to adopted policy to integrate national emergency relief resources. Thus, unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) is provided with characteristics of quick deploy and reconnaissance. But, UAV is very expensive. Therefore, in this research, the concept of fixed wing airship, embedded simple microcontroller board, such as GPS, 3-axis Gyroscope, Gravity-sensor and Magnetometer, is used to construct a low-cost unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV). Otherwise, the digital image correlation (DIC) method, applied digital camera, a non-contact optical measurement and computational capability of computer, has been developed by our research team. In this study, this developed UAV combines with developed digital image correlation (DIC) method and the remote sensing technology to expand as an automatic investigation device of cruise to monitor the possible occurrence of distressed area. The field test of this developed UAV combined with camera, installed with the developed DIC method, has been test and verified at mountain in central Taiwan. The analysis results of these tests reveal that this UAV with DIC can automatic flied through the preestablished positions to detect digital images. The practicability and mobility of this UAV with DIC method have been verified in this study. Keywords: Digital Image Correlation Method (DIC), Auto-Pilot, Open Source, unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) Download PDF


Title: FRACTAL ANALYSIS FOR ASSESSMENT OF COMPLEXITY OF ELECTROENCEPHALOGRAPHY SIGNAL DUE TO AUDIO STIMULI
Author: Archi Banerjee*, Shankha Sanyal, Ranjan Sen Gupta and Dipak Ghosh
Keyword: Acoustic stimuli, drone, EEG, Brain states, Non-linear analysis, DFA, Fractal dimension
Page No: 300-310
Abstract: Fractal technique has been applied to assess change of brain state when subjected to audio stimuli (in this case a simple music – drone). The Electroencephalography (EEG) time series has been used to perform this study and the corresponding non-linear waveform of EEG was analyzed with the widely used DFA technique. The investigation clearly indicates that FD which is a very sensitive parameter is capable of distinguishing brain state even with an acoustic signal of simple musical structure. Other implications of the results are discussed in detail. Keywords: Acoustic stimuli, drone, EEG, Brain states, Non-linear analysis, DFA, Fractal dimension Download PDF


Title: STUDIES OF THREE PLANT SPECIES-A REVIEW AND CASE STUDY
Author: Dr.(Mrs) Reena Nashine
Keyword: Tobacco, Brinza, Tomato.
Page No: 311-313
Abstract: The family solanacease viz Tobacco (Nicotiana tobacum), Brinza (Solanum melanoxylon) and Tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum) spectroprotometrically for Cd and Pb with special reference to rising polluti on due to heavy industrialization of the Pamgarh Block District Janjgir champa (C.G) Keyword: - Tobacco, Brinza, Tomato. Download PDF


Title: A REVIEW ON DAIRY CATTLE IMPROVEMENT PRACTICES BASED ON CONFORMATION TRAITS IN DEVELOPED COUNTRIES
Author: Addis Getu and Godadaw Misganaw
Keyword: Dairy, improvement, conformation traits, Ethiopia
Page No: 314-327
Abstract: This paper was aimed to review and indicate the Ethiopian dairy cattle improvement activities including the practices made by developed countries. Hence the production and reproductive performances, the traditional replacement selection practices of farmers and the gaps already exists between Ethiopia and other developed countries in using conformation traits as an improvement tool are indicated in detail. There is no as such satisfactory indigenous dairy cattle production and reproductive performances. This is implication for which the previous indigenous dairy cattle improvement activities were not successful. Unlike developed countries, Ethiopia has no any sort of recording habits and systems for dairy production. That is the reason why dairy improvement is not effective as other countries. Even though, conformation traits have known to be essential for dairy herd improvement, there are no any established correlations and patterns between conformation traits and production potentials for indigenous dairy cattle. In developed countries conformation traits are objectively evaluated its genetic and phenotypic correlation with milk production and being act as improvement engines. Therefore, in Ethiopia, there is a need to measure conformation traits which is being used as a selection criterion by farmers and would be evaluated and used for indigenous dairy cattle improvement. Key words: Dairy, improvement, conformation traits, Ethiopia Download PDF


Title: FARMER’S KNOWLEDGE, PERCEPTION AND MANAGEMENT OF KEY PEST’S OF OKRA, ABELMOSCHUS ESCULENTUS (L.) MOENCH IN SOUTHERN SIERRA LEONE
Author: *Johnny E. Norman, Sheku Max Kanteh, Alusaine Edward Samura and Augustine Mansaray
Keyword: Indigenous knowledge, Perception, Okra, Pest management, Podagrica uniforma
Page No: 328-340
Abstract: Baseline survey was carried out using well-structured questionnaire in five selected communities in Bo City (Njagboima, Kowama, Airfield, Kulanda Town and Moriba Town) in December 2013 to January 2014 . A random sample of fifty (50) okra farmers, with ten (10) per community were targeted; including both full-time and part-time growers. The objective of the study was to unravel indigenous knowledge of farmers on okra pests, constraint to okra production and to ascertain the most important pests and indigenous methods of control. Results from the study indicated that all the farmers had the problem of pests on their farms; including insect pests, vertebrate pests, diseases and weeds; with insect pests ranked as the most important. Flea beetle (Podagrica uniforma), mole-cricket, grasshopper, aphids and ants were identified as the most important insect pests of okra, with flea beetle (Podagrica uniforma) ranked as the most damaging insect pest during the dry season (84%). About 70% of the farmers indicated that they protect their crops against flea beetles. Control measures adopted included traditional method (wood ash and orange peels) and use of chemical insecticides. Loses due to Podagrica uniforma was considered high by majority of the farmers. This study underlines the need for regular monitoring of farmers crop fields, updating of data on pests activities and training of farmers on pest control in okra farms, not only in the survey sites, but also in other parts of Sierra Leone. Keywords: Indigenous knowledge, Perception, Okra, Pest management, Podagrica uniforma Download PDF


Title: GREEN BUILDINGS IN THE SOUTH VALLEY OF EGYPT
Author: Dr. George Bassili Hanna
Keyword: Passive technique; rock bed; solar chimney; thermal model; FDM; computer simulation.
Page No: 341-346
Abstract: This paper discusses how indoor air temperature is controlled by employing a passive solar technique able to limit the unbearable outdoor weather conditions in a New Urban desert community of Toushky . The passive system employing the “Rock Bed” integrated with a solar chimney to generate an air draft from a thermal tunnel in the ground. A thermal circuit model is developed to describe the complex patterns of heat exchanges. The Finite Difference Method (FDM) is used to estimate the cooling load and the temperatures at different surfaces. Keywords: Passive technique; rock bed; solar chimney; thermal model; FDM; computer simulation. Download PDF


Title: EFFECTS OF PERSONALITY AND ATTITUDE TOWARD TATTOOING AND BODY PIERCING AS RISK-TAKING BEHAVIOR AMONG UNDERGRADUATES IN EKITI STATE UNIVERSITY, ADO EKIT, NIGERIA
Author: Olubukola Ajayi and Solomon Ifeoluwa
Keyword: Personality, Attitude, tattooing, body piercing, risk taking behavior.
Page No: 347-358
Abstract: The study examined the effects of personality and attitude towards tattooing and the body piercing as risk-taking behaviour among undergraduates. The subjects were drawn from eight faculties in Ekiti State University, and the sample comprised of one hundred and ninety-nine (199) subjects which comprising one hundred and two (102) males and ninety seven (97) females. Three instruments were used to collect data; EPQ was used to measure the personality traits of subjects, tattooing and body piercing scale was also used to measure the attitude of subjects towards tattooing and body piercing, while risk-taking behaviour scale (DOSPERT) was used to assess the subjects’ level of risk-taking behaviour activities. The result showed that, there is a significant main influence of neuroticism and body piercing on health, safety and there is also a significant join influence of personality and body piercing on health safety, also there is a significant main influence of extraversion and neuroticism on recreation. Furthermore the result of the findings also showed that there is a significant relationship between neurotic and health safety, extraversion and recreation; others are not related. There is a significant difference in health safety between males and females (t – (197) = -2.25 p < 0.05. No significant difference between males and females on all other dimension of risk-taking behaviour. No significant difference in the attitude between males and females towards body piercing and tattoo. It is recommended that students, parents and health officials should be alerted to the need for continuing education on these matters. Key words: Personality, Attitude, tattooing, body piercing, risk taking behavior. Download PDF


Title: TOXICITY OF AQUEOUS EXTRACT OF NEEM (AZADIRACHTA INDICA A. JUSS) SEEDS ON GIANT POD SUCKING BUG (ANOPLOCNEMISCURVIPES) OF COWPEA (VIGNAUNGUICULATA(L.) WALP).
Author: Kiran Singh
Keyword: Azadirachta indica, Vignaunguiculata
Page No: 359-364
Abstract: Cowpea (Vignaunguiculata) is the major source of protein supplement in Nigerian diet, which is attacked by many insects pests in farm and storage conditions. Studies were carried out to determine the efficacy of water extract of neem (Azadirachtaindica A. juss) kernel against Anoplocnemiscurvipesadults and nymphs. Neem kernel extract at 5%, 10% and 15% w/v were evaluated using 0% as control under field conditions. The extracts were sprayed once weekly for three (3) weeks. The extract reduced the population of insects in both nymphs and adults stages. 10% and 15% of extract were found more effective than the 5% for both the stages of insect. Toxicity of neem kernel was time and dose dependent on tested insects.Nymphs of A. curvipes were more susceptible than the adults. After third spray of 10% and 15% of neem extract showed 100% reduction in nymph population of A. curvipes, while same spray caused 66.67% reduction in adult population of A. curvipes. Download PDF