ARCHIVES(Journal of Harmonized Research in Medical and Health Sciences)


Title: PROXIMATE COMPOSITION AND CHOLESTEROL CONTENT OF EGG OBTAINED FROM VARIOUS BIRD SPECIES.
Author: Isah Musa Fakai*, Ibrahim Sani and Oginni Samuel Olalekan
Keyword: Poultry; Eggs; Proximate; Cholesterol
Page No: 18-25
Abstract: The proximate composition and cholesterol contents of some egg species were determined. The proximate compositions were determined by the methods of Association of Official Analytical Chemists while cholesterol contents were determined by enzymatic method. Proximate compositions of the various egg species revealed that protein was significantly higher (P=0.05) in shika brown egg (10.31±0.04) and lower in Columbia livia (8.98±0.09). Crude lipid was significantly higher (P=0.05) in Anas platyhyncha (12.73±0.23) and lower in Corturnix ypsilophora (10.00±0.40), Columbia livia (10.40±0.35) eggs respectively. Moisture was significantly higher (P=0.05) in Columbia livia (76.00±0.50), Gallus domesticus (75.50±0.87), Corturnix ypsilophora (75.00±1.26) and lower in Anas platyhyncha (71.83±0.29), Numida melleagris (72.67±0.76) eggs. The carbohydrate composition was significantly higher in Anas platyhyncha (5.04±0.04) and lower in Gallus domesticus (2.88±1.20) eggs. The result also revealed that cholesterol was significantly higher (P=0.05) in Gallus domesticus egg (796.25±9.09) mg per dl and lower in Columbia livia (553.44±12.03), Shika brown (547.28±12.86) and Numida melleagris (548.31±23.89) mg per dl. The composition of the avian egg protein and other constituent will continue to provide sources of nutrients for human. In fact, knowledge of the nutrient content from various species of birds will also serve as nutritional guide in food composition table as well as providing valuable information on nutrient intake. The variation in the proximate composition and cholesterol of some avian eggs obtained in this study may serve as a guide of providing useful information on food composition. Key Words: Poultry; Eggs; Proximate; Cholesterol Download PDF


Title: BENEFICIAL ROLE OF PROBIOTIC IN ACUTE CHILDHOOD DIARRHOEA
Author: Dr. Keya Lahiri, Joel D’ souza, Pallavi Gahlowt
Keyword: Probiotics, Bacillus Clausii, diarrhoea
Page No: 26-30
Abstract: We conducted a prospective study of 160 children suffering from acute diarrhoea at a private tertiary care hospital in Navi Mumbai. The Study Group was administered ORS+ Zinc+ Probiotic (Bacillus Cla usii) and Control Group received ORS+ Zinc. The safety and efficacy of Bacillus Clausii along with the duration and frequency of diarrhoea was evaluated. Dehydration status was observed and effect of exclusive breast feeding with probiotic administration in diarrhoea was assessed. Bacillus Clausii is a promising probiotic along with the conventional therapy of ORS and Zinc in the management of acute diarrhoea in children. Keywords: Probiotics, Bacillus Clausii, diarrhoea Download PDF


Title: ANTIBIOTIC RESISTANCE RATES OF ESCHERICHIA COLI AND KLEBSIELLA SPP. STRAINS ISOLATED FROM URINARY TRACT INFECTIONS
Author: Cetin Kilinc, Ridvan Guckan, Osman Aydin, Kemal Turker Ulutas, Serhat Haluk Unal, Keramettin Yanik
Keyword: E.coli, Klebsiella spp., Antimicrobial sensitivity
Page No: 31-36
Abstract: Introduction: The aim of this study is to investigate the resistance profiles of E.coli and Klebsiella spp. isolates which constitute a major part of uropathogen gram-negative bacteria isolated from urine cultures, examining by distinguishing inpatients and outpatients. Methodology: Urine samples were incubated in aerob conditions for 18-24 hours in 35 ºC by spreading blood agar and Eosin Methylene Blue agar with quantative method. Single type colonies of 105 CFU/mL and above were regarded as positive. Antibiotic sensitivity tests were made by VITEK 2 Compact (BioMerieux-France) system identification and antibiogram cards. Result: In 3.777 of 15.000 urine samples (25.1%), the most isolated among the reproduced gram-negative bacteria were 52.1% E.coli, 13.74% Klebsiella spp. isolates. Antibiotics E.coli and Klebsiella spp. isolates taken from inpatient and outpatients are most sensitive to were determined as imipenem (IPM) and amikacin (AMC). Phosphomycine and Nitrofurantoin were determined as the antibiotics in which the sensitivity was highest after IPM and AMC in especially E.coli isolates. Conclusion: Phosphomycine and nitrofurantoin usage in urinary system infections caused by these isolates was considered as appropriate choice. While the empirical treatments of these infections were made valid, regional resistance rates should be considered separately for policlinic and service patients. Keywords: E.coli, Klebsiella spp., Antimicrobial sensitivity Download PDF