ARCHIVES(Journal of Harmonized Research in Engineering)


Title: FORECASTING OF SPARE PARTS INVENTORY BY EXPONENTIAL METHOD
Author: Soniya Nayak, Mahendra K. Gupta, Amit K. Kachhwaha
Keyword: Inventory, Moving Average Method, Spare Parts.
Page No: 01-04
Abstract: Sales of product of any store will increase or decrease is a wide issue which can directly effect to the inventory of firm. Today every firm wants to maintain efficient inventory for avoiding storin g long term spare parts, increase benefit and also make good relation with customer. To avoid this problem studied the inventory of escort spare parts in Bilaspur. The first part of the Synopsis is data collection and segregation. The whole spare parts data is collected and then divided into A, B and C categories according to their prices (ABC analysis).The statistics Moving Average method apply to avoid storage high quantity raw material. Key Words:-Inventory, Moving Average Method, Spare Parts.Download PDF


Title: ANALYSIS OF CENTRIFUGAL CASTING DEFECTS ON THEIR MANUFACTURING PARAMETER
Author: Mahendra Kumar Gupta, Sonia Nayak, Amit Ku. Kachhawaha
Keyword: Centrifugal, Defects, Casting.
Page No: 05-08
Abstract: Abstract The defects of the centrifugally cast samples was decrease the strength and quality of product. Randomly design the experiments has been used, to analyses the influence of process parameters on the defects during centrifugal casting of aluminum alloy. Tests carried out on Eight design of experiment characterized by different variation of Speed Temperature and Type of cooling on aluminum alloy that solidify and analysis the defects of shrinkage and blow holes produce during cooling. The process of centrifugal casting has to be optimizing their quality. Key Words:-Centrifugal, Defects, Casting. Download PDF


Title: APPLICATION OF INTELLIGENT TECHNIQUE ON MOBILE ROBOT NAVIGATION
Author: Sejal Mehta, Amit Sahu, Amit Kumar Kachhawaha
Keyword: Autonomous mobile robot, Obstacles, Fuzzy logic controller.
Page No: 09-12
Abstract: This paper presents a fuzzy controller technique in navigation to avoid obstacles and collision path of mobile robot. Obstacles avoidance is the first requirement for any autonomous mobile robot. Fuz zy logic technique is used to control the navigation of mobile robot as it avoids the presence of obstacles along its path to the destination. The information required about the robot environment is the goal, the distance between the robot, and obstacles. Obstacles avoidance and goal can be achieved by changing the heading angle of the mobile robot. This heading angle can be achieved with the help of the fuzzy logic controller (FLC). To the development of FIS, it regulates the vision based mobile robot for obstacle avoidance and desired goal approximation. Keywords: - Autonomous mobile robot, Obstacles, Fuzzy logic controller. Download PDF


Title: APPLICATION OF NEURAL NETWORK TO REDUCE THE MACHINING OPTIMIZATION
Author: Ashim Mukherjee, Amit Kachawaha
Keyword: Machining, Neural Network, Milling Operation.
Page No: 13-17
Abstract: Abstract For efficient use of machine tools, selection of machining process and determination of optimal cutting parameters (speed, feed and depth of cut) are required. The aim of this paper is to di scover the role of these parameters is to prediction in milling operations by using artificial neural networks and Taguchi design of experiment. The study was conducted by using milling machine with fine type carbide tool with twin cutting edge. The experimental data is later used to predict output data by using artificial neural network. Key Words:- Machining, Neural Network, Milling Operation. Download PDF


Title: PERFORMANCE ANALYSIS OF WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORKS USING OPNET
Author: S. E. Saad, I. F. Tarrad, and A. A. Ammar
Keyword: WSN, ZigBee, OPNET, Sensor Networks
Page No: 18-27
Abstract: The increasing interest in wireless sensor networks (WSNs) can be promptly understood simply by thinking about what they essentially are: a large number of small sensing self-powered nodes which gath er information or detect special events and communicate in a wireless fashion, with the end goal of handing their processed data to a base station. Sensing, processing and communication are three key elements whose combination in one tiny device gives rise to a vast number of applications. The IEEE 802.15.4 protocol has been adopted as a communication standard for low data rate, low power consumption and low cost WSNs [1]. The ZigBee standard is close associated with the IEEE 802.15.4 protocol and specifies the network (including security services) and application (including objects and profiles) layers [2]. The Opnet Modeler is an industry leading discrete event network modeling and simulation environment [3]. Opnet Modeler was chosen due to its accuracy and to its sophisticated graphical user interface. This paper presents simulation analysis of the IEEE 802.15.4/ZigBee model implemented in the Opnet modeler 17.5.. Firstly, three possible topologies star, mesh and tree are compared to each other. Secondly, more analysis is studied in mesh topology by changing number of nodes and find out effect of number of nodes for different parameters. simulation is performed with 10, 20, 30, 40, and 50 nodes. Thirdly, resiliency analysis is studied. Network resilience is the persistence of service delivery that can justifiably be trusted, when facing changes [4]. Changes are related to mutations in the topology, workload, and link quality etc. due to failure/recovery of nodes. In this paper a proposed method to measure resiliency is given by simulating WSN without failure and with different cases of failure (one failure to six failures). Keywords: WSN, ZigBee, OPNET, Sensor Networks Download PDF


Title: SYSTEM ENGINEERING ANALYSIS ON THE ACTIVE DEBRIS REMOVAL (ADR) ARCHITECTURE
Author: Akiko Otsuka*, Naohiko Kohtake, Yoshiaki Ohkami
Keyword: Space debris, mitigation, active debris removal, ADR, system engineering
Page No: 28-33
Abstract: Throughout our space development and utilization activities since 1957, we have left many man-made objects in space, what is called, space debris. Situation of space development is getting worse as t he number of space debris increases and the Active Debris Removal (ADR) is one of the technical feasible solutions to remedy space environment immediately. However the ADR is still under an early phase of concept study, though the other solutions have been in action. The purpose of this paper is to assess the ADR architecture in order to propose some solutions for making the ADR in action from the system engineering point of view. Through analyzing the ADR architecture by customer value chain analysis (CVCA) and comparing with Greenhouse Gas scheme, several clues have been found to bring the ADR in action. In addition, the ADR architecture was reviewed from legislative point of view to reveal new aspects of the ADR. Keywords: Space debris, mitigation, active debris removal, ADR, system engineering Download PDF


Title: GREEN SYNTHESIS AND OPTOELECTRONIC CHARACTERIZATION OF SILVER NANOPARTICLE PREPARED USING AQUOUS HOUTTUNIA CORDATA LEAF EXTRACT AND ITS POTENTIAL APPLICATION AS ANTIBACTERIAL AGENT
Author: Farhana Sultanaa* Jayanta Barmanb, Mousmi Saikiac
Keyword: Houttuynia cordata; Silver nanoparticle; Biosynthesis; Antibiotic; Control; Optimisation ; UV-Vis; XRD; TEM
Page No: 34-41
Abstract: Green synthesis of silver nanoparticles and its activity on bacterial pathogens have attracted a lot of attention due to possibility of their application in water treatment. The green synthesis metho d is a simple biological, environment-friendly and cost effective approach. In the present study, silver nanoparticles were rapidly synthesized using aqueous leaf extract of Houttuynia cordata as reducing and stabilizing agents and UV-Vis absorption spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction analysis (XRD) and FTIR were used to monitor the quantitative formation of silver nanoparticles. The Transmission Electrone Microscopy (TEM) analysis reveals spherical shape of the synthesized nanoparticles and the size of Ag nanoparticles are in range 15 to 20 nm. The antibacterial potential of synthesized nanoparticles were investigated against cultures of gram negative bacteria Escherichia coli and Klebsiella pneumonia and gram positive bacteria Staphylococcus aureus and Bacillus subtilis. The result showed an enhanced antibacterial efficacy. Keywords: Houttuynia cordata; Silver nanoparticle; Biosynthesis; Antibiotic; Control; Optimisation ; UV-Vis; XRD; TEM Download PDF


Title: REDUCE THE TIME SPAN OF JOB SHOP BY SCHEDULING METHOD
Author: Neeraj Chandra and Amit Kumar Kachhawaha
Keyword: Scheduling, Optimize, Gantt chart.
Page No: 42-45
Abstract: Conventional methods of solving scheduling problems based on priority rules still result schedules, sometimes, with significant idle times. To optimize these, this thesis model the problem of a flow shop scheduling with the objective of minimizing the makes pan. This paper model the problem of a flow shop scheduling with the objective of minimizing the makes pan. The objective is to minimize the make span of batch-processing machines in a flow shop. The processing times and the sizes of the jobs are known and non-identical. The processing time of a batch is the longest processing time among all the jobs in that batch. Consequently, comparison based on Gupta’s heuristics, RA heuristic’s, Palmer’s heuristics, CDS heuristics are proposed in this work. Gantt chart was generated to verify the effectiveness of the proposed approaches. Key Words: Scheduling, Optimize, Gantt chart. Download PDF


Title: CRATER WEAR EVALUATION OF TiN COATED TOOL IN MACHINING
Author: Manvendra Sahu and Amit Kumar Kachwaha
Keyword: Coated tool, Machining forces Crater Wear.
Page No: 46-49
Abstract: The present work studies the performance of multi-layer coated tool in machining of hardened steel (AISI 4340 steel) under high speed turning. The influence of cutting parameters (speed, feed, and de pth of cut) on cutting forces and surface finish has been analyzed. The increasing of tool life need to boost productivity, to machine more difficult materials and to improve quality in high volume by the manufacturing industry has been the driving force behind the development of cutting tool materials will be analyzed. Key Words: - Coated tool, Machining forces Crater Wear. Download PDF


Title: OPTIC DISC DETECTION - A SURVEY PAPER
Author: MS Roopa Chhoker & MS Pooja Sabharwal
Keyword: Retinal Imaging, Fundus Image, Diabetic Retinopathy, Glaucoma, Optic Disk (OD), Blind Spot, Mean Absolute Distance, Overlapping Ratio
Page No: 50-52
Abstract: Retinal Imaging’ is a very important feature for detecting diseases like diabetic retinopathy and glaucoma. This is diagnosed by an Ophthalmologist using a ‘Digital Retinal Image - a high resolution photographic system to establish critical retinal developments. Timely diagnosis of these diseases can prevent people from severe vision loss. Therefore, necessity of automatic retinal image analysis system is required for reliable and efficient automatic detection of optic disc, blood vessels and fovea in the retinal image. This Paper presents various techniques used for locating Optic Disc. Keywords: Retinal Imaging, Fundus Image, Diabetic Retinopathy, Glaucoma, Optic Disk (OD), Blind Spot, Mean Absolute Distance, Overlapping Ratio Download PDF


Title: A WATERMARKING AND ENCRYPTION BASED IMAGE SHARING SCHEME
Author: Brindha.R and Balaji.G
Keyword: Water mark, security, confidential
Page No: 53-57
Abstract: Security is an important issue in the field of communication. While transmitting data through a network there is a chance for the data or information to get by an unauthorized person. So it is essent ial to take counter measures to provide confidentiality to our data as well as to prevent the unwanted access. Water marking is processes that enable us to hide our data in a medium like image. The medium is known as cover object. The main objective of the proposed work is to perform watermarking and to recover the data with minimized error. Index Terms—Water mark, security, confidential Download PDF


Title: CEMENT BOND INTEGRITY VERIFICATION USING CRUDE OIL FINGERPRINTING TECHNIQUE
Author: Nnaemeka Ohia & Joseph Onyeabor.
Keyword: Finger printing; gas chromatography; Flame ionization detector; Radial plots; Carbon abundance; Pristane-phytaneratio;MassSpectometry; API gravity.
Page No: 58-67
Abstract: Each source crude oil therefore has a unique fingerprint that canpotentially be determined by varieties of instrumental and non-instrumentaltechniques which include gas chromatography (GC), gas chrom atography flameionization detector (GC-FID), gas chromatography mass spectrometry (GC-MS),among others. Geochemical fingerprinting is a rapidly expanding discipline in theearth and environmental sciences and is anchored in the recognition thatgeological processes leave behind chemical and isotopic patterns in the rockrecord. Many of these patterns commonlycalled geochemical fingerprintsare slightly different from each other. In this study, GC was utilized in the analysis of commingled oils from well MS-2, to theextent to which it was believed that mixing occurred in the near wellbore owing tomechanical problems because of communication (cross flow from deeper and higher pressure reservoirs) other than the completion interval. Oil in deeper reservoirs, under higher pressure flowed into shallower pressure reservoir since communication between the reservoirs is believed to be present. The most likely cause of this communication is the cross flow due topoor cement bonding behind the casing as revealed by cement bond logs (CBL) from well MS-2. Thefingerprints from an off-set well with good cement bonding was first identified then the wellheadsamples of MS-2 streams can also be analyzed to determineif a channelling problem is indeed presentin the well. The finger printing analysis of the two samples suggest that the profiles of the wellhead sample taken from MS-2 is out-of-bounds or indicatea low probability of commonality for the oil sample pair to be from a common source. Key words: Finger printing; gas chromatography; Flame ionization detector; Radial plots; Carbon abundance; Pristane-phytaneratio;MassSpectometry; API gravity. Download PDF