ARCHIVES(Journal of Harmonized Research in Management)


Title: THE EFFECT OF INFLATION ON THE GROSS DOMESTIC SAVINGS IN ETHIOPIA
Author: Demilie Basha Hailu and Samson Abay
Keyword: Inflation, Savings, Ethiopia
Page No: 129-133
Abstract: - The paper Endeavors to investigate the magnitude and direction effect of inflation on the gross domestic savings. In doing so, the writers undertake different diagnostic tests such as Augmented Dic ky Fuller unit root tests, Ramsey functional misspecification test (RESET) hetroscedasticity, autocorrelation etc. Moreover, we use the Engle-granger co-integration approach to test the existence of long run associations among economic variables. Accordingly, the model doesn’t confirm the existence of long run relationships and hence the short run model suggests that there appears an inverse relationship between macroeconomic uncertainty (inflation) and gross domestic savings. Moreover, the result reveals insignificant influence of real interest rate and a significant and positive effect of real GDP on savings. Keywords: Inflation, Savings, Ethiopia Download PDF


Title: WORKING CAPITAL FINANCE IN TIGRAI: EVIDENCE FROM MANUFACTURING MICRO AND SMALL – SCALE ENTERPRISES
Author: Amanuel Tesfay, Simon Tareke, Teweldebrhan G/Michael and Gabriel Temesgen
Keyword: MSEs, Entrepreneurs, corporate
Page No: 134-151


Title: ACCESS TO SMALL-SCALE IRRIGATION AND FARM HOUSEHOLDS’ CROP CHOICE DECISION IN KILTE-AWLAELO WOREDA OF EASTERN TIGRAY
Author: Gabriel Temesgen
Keyword: Access to irrigation, crop choice, GLM model, Kilte-Awlaelo woreda
Page No: 152-169
Abstract: - Policy discourses around agricultural transformation tend to separate producers into different types of farm (small farms, large farms) growing different types of crops (staple crops, cash crops) w ith simple distinction made between “subsistence” and “commercial” or “export” agriculture. Transforming the subsistence-oriented production system into a market-oriented production system as a way to increasing the smallholder farmer’s income and thus its welfare outcomes, and reducing rural poverty, has been in the policy spotlight of many developing countries, including Ethiopia. In this paper I attempted to demonstrate how access to irrigation determines household’s decision to allot their agricultural land to the production of either staple crop or cash crops in irrigated compared to rainfed systems. By doing so the paper identifies the role of irrigation in share of land allotted to cash crop production. The results from the sample t-test indicate that irrigation contributes significantly to increase in cash crop production by inducing shifts in farmers cropping mix. Analyzing household data from Kilte-Awlaelo woreda in Eastern Tigray, I found that having access to irrigation, income, credit and number of oxen along with other factors determine the crop choice model in favour of the production of high value crops. While age of the head and non-farm income are other determinant factors that have negative impact on the production of cash crops. Looking beyond purely the agricultural activities of a household, having access to irrigation highlights the importance attached to the profit motive within the farm households. Hence, this paper concludes with implication for policy to integrate farm households’ for those who don’t allot their plot to cash crop with markets if additional funds for agricultural research activities dealing with investments in irrigation projects are made. Key words: Access to irrigation, crop choice, GLM model, Kilte-Awlaelo woreda Download PDF


Title: RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN PRINCIPALS’ MANAGEMENT EXPERIENCE AND ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE IN PUBLIC SECONDARY SCHOOLSIN KERICHO COUNTY, KENYA
Author: Dr. Mbera, Peter G. Aiko, Dr.Tuitoek, Joseph K. F., Dr. Yambo, John M. Onyango
Keyword: Relationship, principals, management, experience, performance
Page No: 170-176
Abstract: - The study sought to establish the relationship between principals, management experience and students’ academic performance in public secondary schools in Kericho County, Kenya. Kericho County publ ic secondary schools have had a small portion of its schools performing relatively well while some perform on the average, the majority performs poorly. The study was guided by this hypothesis: H0: There is no significant statistical relationship between principals’ management experience and academic performance in public secondary schools in Kericho County. The study adopted survey research design as a framework for data collection. Targeted population was two thousand four hundred and ninety nine teachers posted and working in one hundred and nineteen secondary schools in Kericho County. Stratified and simple random sampling techniques were used to select fifty three secondary schools in the County. Out of this target population, one hundred and nineteen were head teachers. Simple random sampling was used to select one thousand and sixty teachers, while stratified sampling was used to select the head teachers from the targeted schools to participate in the study. The reliability of the instruments was established by computing a test re-test reliability coefficient. This was done by administering the test twice, but allowing an interval of one month between them. The pre-testing of the instrument was done in ten non-participating schools in Kipkelion Sub-county The test yielded a correlation coefficient of 0.78 for the principals’ questionnaire and 0.72 for the teachers’ questionnaire. Two sets of questionnaires known as the profile of leadership behavior (form LB) and profile of own behavior (form OB) for head teachers and teachers respectively and Interview Schedule were used as the primary tools for data collection. This research embraced an eclecticism paradigm. The findings revealed that the head teachers’ leadership styles had a strong relationship with the schools’ K.C.S.E results. The study recommends that head teachers’ training in school policy and management should be strengthened and supervision of the teachers should be objective. Head teachers should use a balance of autocratic and democratic leadership styles to achieve better K.C.S.E results. This research is vital in its contribution to understanding effective school management in the light of leadership styles and student academic performance. Key words: Relationship, principals, management, experience, performance Download PDF


Title: ROLE OF DEBT AND EQUITY IN ORGANIZATIONS: A CASE STUDY OF LIMITED COMPANIES IN PAKISTAN
Author: Nisar Ahmad Bazmi, Abdul Qadeer
Keyword: Debt and Equity, Debt and Equity structure, firm value, education, management, Optimal Debt and Equity.
Page No: 177-185
Abstract: - There is also an optimal Debt and Equity structure of a company. There is no definite answer to this question. The authors of determining an optimal Debt and Equity structure to identify a method w hich has many theoretical concepts. Among them is one of the best Debt and Equity structure are based on the assumption that the company offers the most value. However, in practice, there are many problems with it Commitment. Problems already started on the stage of defining the concept of Debt and Equity and the Debt and Equity of the selection, assessment, and valuation estimate its value and influence are found in the area. Thus, the purpose of this article to determine the optimal Debt and Equity structure is to present the main problems associated with. When defining the scale of the research subject, first, that, relatively permanent academic values to focus on issues and emphasize the vague concepts are interpreted in a different way and its reflection in international scientific publications was content to enjoy. As a result of research carried out, the theoretical problem of the financial management of the company, particularly in the area of Debt and Equity management can be a starting point for further empirical study which was indicated. Keywords: Debt and Equity, Debt and Equity structure, firm value, education, management, Optimal Debt and Equity. Download PDF


Title: THE ROLE OF ORGANIZATION RESOURCES AND PERFORMANCE MEASUREMENT IN UGANDA
Author: Dr. Teopista Nalule Kyamanywa
Keyword: Public Sector organizations, Performance Management, Best Management Practices,
Page No: 186-198
Abstract: - Uganda has experienced political turmoil since the mid 60s, (1966/67), which has resulted in persistent poor public employee performance. Reforms introduced by the Ugandan Government to improve em ployee performance have not borne fruit. Data collected from a stratified random sample of 517 participants (2006 - 2009), was analyzed using Mann-Whitney Test to test the mean difference between Kampala City Council and the Ministry of Education and Sports. Pearson chi-square tested the relationship between performance management practices and employee performance. Results revealed a positive relationship between organization resources and employee performance. Another positive relationship between performance measurement and employee performance was also revealed. The results indicate that the Central Government Ministry employees perform better than Local Government workers. Results also indicated that the factors other than performance management practices (organization resources and performance measurement) had greater influence on employee performance. Keywords: Public Sector organizations, Performance Management, Best Management Practices, Organization Resources, performance measurement and Results Oriented Management Download PDF


Title: INTERPLAY BETWEEN LEADERSHIP INGREDIENTS, RESOURCE BASED HUMAN RESOURCE MODEL (RBV) AND PEOPLE ORIENTED HR POLICIES IN HIGHER EDUCATION INSTITUTIONS
Author: Dr Teopista Nalule Kyamanywa
Keyword: Leadership, Resource Based Vie of the firm (RBV), Higher Education, 4Cs HRM model Organization Resources, performance measurement and Results Oriented Management
Page No: 199-205
Abstract: - After the rapid expansion of higher education institutions in Uganda during the last twenty years, the industry is at crossroads of academic excellence and survival amidst the challenges of managin g a volatile human resource. Institutions of Higher Learning in the country, particularly those that are owned by the government and mandated by the Ministry of Education and Sports and the National Council for Higher Education, continue to operate under weak leadership, poor human resource management policies and practices. The notable existence of scarce resources pertaining in all government units in Uganda, compounded by weak leadership models pertaining in public Institutions of Higher Learning is a situation forcing such Institutions to exist with negative growth and poor performance. On the other hand, innovative Institutions with strong leadership structures, pro-employee policies and practices, despite being mandated by regulatory bodies, have established their distinct brand and are moving into the excellence domain and into a competitive zone of global rating (a good number of Universities in South Africa and Kenya). Scholars have explored both leadership and management models that can bring about positive changes while utilizing the mearger resources. Institutions just need to work smartly but not harder. This paper presents the Resource Based Human Recourse Model (RBV) integrated with ‘people oriented policies as the best strategy if Higher Institutions of Learning in Uganda are to achieve employee commitment, competence, congruence and cost effectiveness (4Cs HRM model) and competitive edge in their endeavour to train and educate quality products for self- sustenance and the industry. Keywords: Leadership, Resource Based Vie of the firm (RBV), Higher Education, 4Cs HRM model Organization Resources, performance measurement and Results Oriented Management Download PDF


Title: WORKING CONDITIONS AND EMPLOYEE COMMITMENT IN THE PUBLIC HEALTH SECTOR IN UGANDA: A CASE OF WAKISO DISTRICT
Author: Drileba Paul, Dr.Teopista Nalule Kyamanywa, Irene Musumba, Sr Mary Gorreti Namutebi
Keyword: Remuneration, physical environment, flexible working hours, employee relations and employee commitment.
Page No: 206-216
Abstract: - This paper has been written using data obtained from a study conducted by Drileba (2013). The study examined the effect of employee commitment, remuneration, physical environment, flexible working hours and relations of Health Workers in Wakiso District Health Units; which were located 12 kilometers to the West of Kampala Capital City at the time of the study. The study adopted a cross sectional survey design involving 215 health workers filling questionnaires to obtain quantitative data and 25 key informants were interviewed to obtain qualitative data.. Quantitative data was analysed using Statistical Product and Service Solutions (SPSS) software while qualitative data was analysed using the Pragmatic Content Analysis (PCA). The findings revealed that (a) close to half 49% of respondents expressed strong dissatisfaction with their salary and 49% of Health Workers were involved in other forms of employment to make ends meet; (b) 44% of the respondents disagreed with their current work conditions being conducive for effective performance; (c) 61% of respondents confirmed that work-family balance had been achieved; and (d) 60% of respondents thought they related well with management and colleagues at work. A positive relationship was found between tasks handled on time and never absent myself, r (213) =0.559, p < .05. Similarly a positive relationship was found between tasks handled on time and producing quality work, r (213) =0.536, p < .05. A positive relationship was also found between producing quality work and ensuring no wastage, r (213) = 0.538, p < .05. It was therefore concluded that low pay and the deplorable work conditions seem to be some of the causes of Health Workers’ dissatisfaction in the health sector. The study finally recommended that the right package of financial and non-financial incentives; and conducive physical work conditions be provided to enhance employee loyalty hence commitment to serve the population where they are located. Keywords: Remuneration, physical environment, flexible working hours, employee relations and employee commitment. Download PDF


Title: INFORMATION COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY, KNOWLEDGE AND SKILLS AS MAJOR CONTRIBUTORS AND KEY DRIVERS OF EMPLOYEE PERFORMANCE IN GOVERNMENT PARASTATALS: THE UGANDAN DISCOVERY
Author: Namara Innocent, Dr.Teopista Nalule Kyamanywa, Irene Musumba, Sr Mary Gorreti Namutebi
Keyword: Organization Resources, Information Communication, Technology, Parastatals, employee performance and government policy
Page No: 217-229
Abstract: - This paper has been written using data derived from an empirical study that assessed the influence of organizational resources on employee performance in government parastatals. It was based on a c ase study of Uganda National Bureau of Standards (UNBS). For purposes of this study, organization resources included employees’ knowledge, skills, and use of information communication technology. The following were the objectives of the study: • To examine the influence of skills on employee performance in UNBS. • To evaluate how knowledge influences employee performance in UNBS. • To assess the relationship between Information communication technology and employee performance in UNBS. The findings of the study revealed that UNBS employee skills, knowledge and use of information communication technology (ICT) influence employee performance. Skills were found to be the most significant influencer of employee performance (r = 0.522; p =0.01). It is however evident that UNBS management does not offer regular training (mean = 2.5641), the ICT in place was not user friendly (67% of the respondents), UNBS does not reward efficient employee performance 76.9% and staff morale was not boosted 43.6%. Based on the findings of the study, it was recommended that UNBS carries out regular training, put in place adequate and user friendly ICT infrastructure, ensure that efficient employee performance is rewarded, and put in place motivation moves and incentives to boost staff morale. Keywords: Organization Resources, Information Communication, Technology, Parastatals, employee performance and government policy Download PDF