ARCHIVES(Journal of Harmonized Research in Applied Science)


Title: IMPACT OF DRUGS ON YOUTH IN INDIA
Author: Laveena, Shivali Jindal, Alisha Ahuja
Keyword: Drugs, Addiction, Drug Abuse, pleasure, youth, Consumption
Page No: 42-48
Abstract: Use of a substance for non-medical purpose with the aim of controlling the human feelings and to produce some mind altering effects is known as Drug Abuse. Drug when used regularly by a person makes him lose control on himself and it is known as Drug addiction. It is a matter of great importance that this is not only destructing the life of one person or affecting the economy and society adversely but also it is ruining the mental and physical fitness of a person. The present study is carried out to show how drug abuse is leading our country to a bad situation. The people are getting attracted to drugs very easily and are changing the scenario of the country. In earlier times, India was a developing country but now- a-days, it is becoming the slowest country of the world for its development. Mainly, youth of the country is getting indulged in it and reasons for their indulgence is drug abuse or addiction. There are lot of signs and symptoms through which we come to know that the person is engaged in abusing drugs. How can we remove this evil from our society and the people who are already indulged, how can they be treated so that they leave drug abusing. It has been found that the youth is getting more into the drug addiction and abuse. Not only the males, but also the females are getting attracted towards drug abuse, due to the reason of ignorance, family issues and societal issues. This study is all about our surroundings and come to know about different drugs, their consumption pattern and their ill effects. Mainly we will examine the level of youth indulgence in drugs. Through this study we can take the preventive measures and can make strategies and implement it so that our country can become a Drug Free Country and develop fast as compared to now-a-days. Key Words: Drugs, Addiction, Drug Abuse, pleasure, youth, Consumption Download PDF


Title: A REVIEW ON AGRICULTURE, FOOD SECURITY AND CLIMATE CHANGE
Author: Behailu Legesse Kabtymer and Jemal Abdulkerim Ute
Keyword: Greenhouse, agriculture, climate change.
Page No: 49-62
Abstract: The increase in greenhouse gas emissions is raising the earth’s temperature and the consequences include varying precipitation, extreme weather events (droughts and floods) and shifting of seasons. T he rapid pace at which climate change is taking place, combined with the increase in global population and slow income growth, threatens food security globally. Agriculture has proved to be extremely vulnerable to climate change as seen by the drastic decline in food production over the past decades. High temperatures that are being experienced in most parts of the globe will eventually reduce yields of desirable crops while encouraging weed and pest proliferation. Rural communities face increased risks including recurrent crop failure, loss of livestock and reduced availability of fisheries and forest products. Changing temperatures and weather patterns furthermore create conditions for the emergence of new pests and diseases that affect animals, trees and crops. This has direct effects on the quality and quantity of yields as well as the availability and price of food, feed and fiber. In other way Climate change would affect all four dimensions of food security: availability, accessibility, stability, and utilization. However Agriculture has the potential to make a significant contribution to mitigating climate change. To make agriculture GHG efficient and climate-resilient, landscape and farming systems need to change in order to actively absorb and store carbon in soils and vegetation; reduce emissions of methane from rice production, livestock and burning; and decrease nitrous oxide emissions from inorganic fertilizers and enhance the resilience of production systems and ecosystem services to climate change. Key Words: Greenhouse, agriculture, climate change. Download PDF


Title: DETERMINANTS OF INCOME DIVERSIFICATION AND INTENSITY AMONG RURAL HOUSEHOLDS IN SINANA DISTRICT, SOUTH EASTERN ETHIOPIA
Author: Behailu Legesse, Debalke Debela, Hakim Hashim
Keyword: Diversification, Sinana, Diversifier, Non-Diversifier and Multinomial logit
Page No: 63-73
Abstract: This study treats income diversification as a differentiated form of agricultural development and recognizes its role to spur sustainable growth in the rural sector. To this end the objective of the study was to analyze the determinants of income diversification and intensity among rural households in Sinana District, South Eastern Ethiopia. Multi stage sampling techniques were used to achieve the objective of the study. 400 rural households were included during the study and responses of these households were also considered both in Multinomial and Tobit model econometric analysis. Both primary and secondary sources of data were used to come up with sound conclusion. The result of multinomial Logit which was identifying determinants of rural household income diversification indicated that Sex of household head and Age of household head had a negative relationship with income diversification whereas Educational level of household head , Family size , Land size owned , Membership to cooperatives, and access to market center had positive impact on income diversification vertically. However, Tobit model analysis indicates that educational level, family size, asset ownership and access to credit had positively and significantly affect the amount of income obtained from different income generating activities. From policy perspective, the presence of agricultural development institutions in rural areas that would promote access to credit facilities and ultimately increase income should be considered. To enhance income diversification, it is important to improve rural infrastructure in terms of provision of electricity, road, and improving loan and to markets. Keywords: Diversification, Sinana, Diversifier, Non-Diversifier and Multinomial logit Download PDF


Title: THE ZEROS OF POLAR DERIVATIVE OF POLYNOMIAL WITH REAL COEFFICIENTS
Author: K. Anoosha and Dr.G.L. Reddy
Keyword: Zeros, polar derivatives, polynomials, real a.
Page No: 74-78
Abstract: In this paper we obtain the size of the disc in which the zeros of polar derivatives of polynomial of degree n with real coefficients with respect to a real a lie. Keywords: Zeros, polar derivativ es, polynomials, real a. Download PDF


Title: EVALUATION OF ANTIBIOTICS TOWARDS THE MANAGEMENT OF BACTERIAL WILT OF ENSET (Xanthomonas campestris pv. musacearum)
Author: Mekuria Wolde*, Amare Ayalew and Alemayehu Chala
Keyword: Antibiotics, Evaluation, inhibition zone, Xanthomonas campestris pv. musacearum
Page No: 79-85
Abstract: Bacterial wilt is the major disease for enset and banana which causes huge yield loss. However, there are no recommended antibiotics for the disease. Hence, the objective of this study was to evaluat e the efficacy of antibiotics against Xanthomonas campestris pv. musacearum (xcm) in vitro. Five antibiotics (namely, chloramphinicol (CAPH), streptomycin sulfate, tetracycline, amoxacillin and gentamycin) were tested in-vitro at three concentrations each (0.1, 0.5 and 1%). Sterilized distilled water was used as a control. Paper disk method was used for testing the sensitivity of the antibiotics. Their effectiveness were measured by the area of inhibition zone around the disk. Two pathogenic isolates (Gurage and Hagereselam isolates) were used. Completely randomized design (CRD) was implemented in factorial arrangement. All the in-vitro tested antibiotics had reduced the growth of bacterial culture significantly as compared to the control for both Gurage and Hagereselam isolates but some were more effective. Amoxacillin and tetracycline at 1 and 0.5% concentration are the most effective antibiotics in inhibiting xcm bacterium growth for Gurage isolate. Tetracycline and Chloramphinicol at 1 and 0.5% concentration are effective for Hagereselam isolates. This indicates that these antibiotics could be effective control agents for the disease. Therefore, they should be tested in-vivo. Key Words: Antibiotics, Evaluation, inhibition zone, Xanthomonas campestris pv. musacearum Download PDF


Title: ISOLATION AND IDENTIFICATION OF ALIPHATIC COMPOUNDS FROM THE BENZENE EXTRACT OF PIPER BETLE Linn. (LEAF STALK)
Author: Nisar Ahmed Bhat*, B.K.Tiwari, Arpan Bhardwaj
Keyword: Piper betle (leaf stalk), IR, 1 HNMR, 13CNMR and mass spectroscopy.
Page No: 86-89
Abstract: The benzene extract was separated by column chromatography using alumina grade (iii) as adsorbent. Alumina was deactivated o with 7% water before filling in the column. The elution of the column was carried out with the various solvents and mixtures of solvent increasing order of polarity. The rechromatography of various fractions afforded aliphatic compounds in pure form designating as BNA-3 [pentatriacont-6-ol(7)} and BNA- 4 [tetratriacontanol(8)]).The compounds were identified by using IR, 1HNMR,13CNMR and mass spectroscopy and the various present in isolated compounds are tested by Feigl test , alkaline hydrolysis, cerric ammonium nitrate test and tetranitro methane test(TNM). Key words: Piper betle (leaf stalk), IR, 1 HNMR, 13CNMR and mass spectroscopy. Download PDF


Title: CREATING AN ENVIRONMENT FOR REUSABLE SOFTWARE RESEARCH
Author: Alireza Rezaee and Mazyar Pajohesh
Keyword: Reusability, RESOLVE, C++, Lisp, XEmacs, GNU Emacs.
Page No: 90-92
Abstract: When a change to the architecture used to develop environmental assessment RESOLVE / C ++, it became clear to rewrite the environment from the beginning. At the start of the principles of software re use it again, leading to a significant reduction in code, increases in maintenance and bug fixes were possible. Keywords: Reusability, RESOLVE, C++, Lisp, XEmacs, GNU Emacs. Download PDF


Title: PRE A*-ALGEBRA FUNCTIONS
Author: Vijayabarathi S. and Srinivasa Rao K.
Keyword: DNF, CNF, Polynomial, functions.
Page No: 93-97
Abstract: In this paper, Pre A*-algebra expression is defined and it is extended to normal forms. Pre A*-algebra functions are represented by these normal forms and proved that this representation is unique. P artial list of the collection of the functions is also established. Keywords: DNF, CNF, Polynomial, functions. Download PDF