ARCHIVES(Journal of Harmonized Research in Management)


Title: REWARDS, JOB SECURITY AND EMPLOYEE TURNOVER IN PARASTATAL ORGANIZATIONS IN UGANDA: A CRITICAL EXAMINATION OF CIVIL AVIATION AUTHORITY
Author: Kayondo William, Dr Kyamanywa Teopista, Siminyu Jacob Shems
Keyword: Remuneration, job security, employee turnover, parastatal organization
Page No: 01-15
Abstract: - This study investigated factors influencing employee turnover in the Uganda public sector; taking a case study of Civil Aviation Authority. Specifically the study objectives were to: investigate wh ether rewards given to staff in the form of salaries and incentives influence employee turnover, examine whether job security affects employee turnover and assess whether employee involvement has a bearing on employee turnover in Civil Aviation Authority. The findings revealed that rewards, job security and employee involvement have a significant effect on employee turnover at the Uganda Civil Aviation Authority. It was established that an increase in remuneration and job security significantly reduce employee turnover. On the basis of the findings it was recommend that Uganda Civil Aviation Authority improves rewards in the form of staff remuneration and fringe benefits. It was also recommended that workers’ jobs should be guaranteed so as to curb staff turnover which was quite rampant at the time of the study. Key words: Remuneration, job security, employee turnover, parastatal organization Download PDF


Title: APPRAISING THE IMPACT OF INDIVIDUAL DEVELOPED HOUSING (IDH) ON THE REAL ESTATE OUTLOOK OF ABUJA METROPOLIS
Author: Afam Achoru, Musa Ashen, Celina Omogor
Keyword: Individual-developed, Real Estate, Housing Projects, Housing provision
Page No: 16-23
Abstract: - This study assesses variables that drive the success of “individual-developed” housing geared towards better Real Estate outlook in Abuja metropolis. Different views as perceived by various private developers were obtained through their construction/development firms in selected areas of the metropolis. A Critical evaluation of encouraging factors for individual-developed housing was carried out. A purposive sampling method was used to obtain data derived via questionnaire from a survey involving clients of 19 Construction firms who have/had been involved in individual-housing development in different areas. These were further analysed with Chi-square and correlation methods of analysis. Some of the findings indicated that although individual-developers are hitherto faced with a number of constraints in pursuing individual-developed Housing Projects, success in house building can be influenced by land availability, available service facilities, house owner’s level of income, building materials, building process, neighbourhood and environment factors, quality of houses and location as applicable to various income earners. Keywords: Individual-developed, Real Estate, Housing Projects, Housing provision Download PDF


Title: ORGANISATIONAL CHANGE AND INDUSTRIAL ACTION IN PUBLIC UNIVERSITIES IN UGANDA
Author: Sr Mary Gorreti Namutebi, Dr Teopista Nalule Kyamanywa and Irene Musumba
Keyword: Key words: Industrial action, mergers, employee attitude, inception
Page No: 24-45
Abstract: - The paper was derived from a bigger research that examined a relationship between organizational change and industrial action in Public Institutions of Higher Learning in Uganda, taking Kyambogo Un iversity, the second largest Institution of Higher Learning in Uganda that came into existence as a result of merging three institutions (ITEK, UPK and UNISE). Since its inception, Kyambogo University has been experiencing persistent employee strikes and general unrest. A conceptual framework was developed, and variables were measured using quantitative and qualitative methodologies. Specifically, to analyze the relationship between organizational change, employee attitude and industrial action; questionnaires, interviews and review of related literature were employed. Findings revealed that: (a) there was a significant relationship between organizational change and industrial action at Kyambogo University (r =0.15 sig =0.03); (b) a significant positive relationship exists between organizational change and employee attitude (r = 0.63, sig = 0.00). On the basis of the findings, it was recommended that there should be clear and comprehensive strategies involving concerned parties in decision making and implementation of changes. Also changes should be monitored by management in conjunction with elected staff representatives. In addition, management should follow the policies and procedures in place for managing mergers and the affected human resources at the University. Key words: Industrial action, mergers, employee attitude, inception Download PDF


Title: TRAINING PROGRAMMES AND EMPLOYEE PERFORMANCE IN THE PUBLIC SECTOR IN UGANDA: A CASE OF THE DIRECTORATE OF CITIZENSHIP AND IMMIGRATION CONTROL
Author: Jacob Shems Siminyu, Dr Teopista Nalule Kyamanywa, Twaha William Kayondo
Keyword: Public sector, Immigration Control, characterized, performance, short term training, entry permit, visa, pass
Page No: 46-78
Abstract: - This study examined the effect of staff training programs on employee performance in the public sector in Uganda taking a case study of the Directorate of Citizenship and Immigration Control (DCIC) . While the DCIC engaged in staff training programs especially during the past ten years, employee performance remains wanting. The unsatisfactory performance at the DCIC is majorly characterized by long customer queues, delayed service delivery and continued customer complaints. The study therefore sought to establish whether the staff training programs have had any effect on the performance of employees in the public sector – taking DCIC as a representative case study. A total of 205 respondents, including 110 employees, 9 key informants and 86 customers, participated in the study. A questionnaire and two structured interview guides were used to gather primary data. Quantitative data was analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics, while qualitative data were analyzed using pragmatic content analysis, (Trochim, 2006). The validity was ensured by using Content Validity Index (CVI) (Mugenda and Mugenda, 2003) while the reliability was established by using Cronbach Alpha Coefficient Test (Amin, 2005). The first study finding revealed that short term training courses had a moderate positive effect on employee performance at the DCIC. This meant that employee performance was quite wanting particularly in terms of the quality, efficiency and effectiveness of the services delivered to the customers. The second finding confirmed that career enhancement techniques had a significant but weak positive effect on employee performance at the DCIC. The research results further established that both staff attitude and work environment had a significant positive relationship with employee performance at the Directorate of Citizenship and Immigration Control in Uganda. The generated model ranked staff attitude, work environment as the highest contributors to employee performance followed by short term training programmes and career enhancement techniques respectively. On the basis of the findings, it was recommended that the working environment should be improved by first motivating staff with both equitable direct and indirect rewards and then facilitates them with the necessary equipment as priority. Then short term job related training programmes should be run using appropriate training techniques in effort to improve staff performance. Key words: Public sector, Immigration Control, characterized, performance, short term training, entry permit, visa, pass Download PDF


Title: LINEAR DISCRIMINATORY FUNCTION APPROACH TO EMPLOYMENT SEX RATIO VARIATION: EVIDENCE FROM ASIA
Author: Jayadevan CM
Keyword: Employment sex ratio, primary, secondary, tertiary, GPI
Page No: 79-88
Abstract: - Employment plays an important role in everyone’s daily life as it is an instrument for achieving any accomplishments. The main purpose of this paper is to analyze the variation in average employmen t sex ratio among the countries of Asia on the basis of available statistical data for the period 1991-2013 and shed some light for women’s employment management. Using a linear discriminant function analysis technique, the study has shown that significant discriminating factors responsible for the variation in women’s employment are gross parity index for secondary enrollment, employer’s sex ratio and the percentage of women employed in service sector. Key Words: Employment sex ratio, primary, secondary, tertiary, GPI Download PDF


Title: LONG RUN RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN PUBLIC DEBT AND ECONOMIC GROWTH: EMPIRICAL EVIDENCE FROM ODISHA
Author: Sri Satyapriya Rath and Prof. Ashok Kumar Sar,
Keyword: Public Debt; Economic Growth and Bidirectional Causality
Page No: 89-97
Abstract: - This paper examines the relationship between public debt and economic growth between the periods of 1950 to 2014. Using the JJ approach, the paper traces a long run relation between them and throug h VECM model we find an approximately 5 percent adjustment between public debt and economic growth. Further, the paper finds bidirectional causality and the variation is shown through variance decomposition method. It is recommended to implement a suitable debt management policy in the case of Odisha. Keywords: Public Debt; Economic Growth and Bidirectional Causality Download PDF


Title: MANAGEMENT LIBRARY ARTICLES USING WITH MAXQDA PROGRAM
Author: Hossein Niavand and Farzaneh Haghighat Nia
Keyword: MAXQDA, Management, Program, Articles.
Page No: 98-102
Abstract: - Every software programme in using the scientists and researcher, represents the scientific progress in the various Sciences. As with applications in the social sciences, mathematics, statistics, co mputer science and management. MAXQDA software is one of the new software is that it is a good application for researchers. In this article, learn how to use this software and application of Ann's will and examined using functional examples, we will show this software, We show that using this software gets sort files for advance research website. Key words: MAXQDA, Management, Program, Articles. Download PDF


Title: REWARDS AND EMPLOYEE PERFORMANCE IN THE PUBLIC HEALTH SERVCE SECTOR IN UGANDA: A CASE STUDY OF MULAGO NATIONAL REFERRAL HOSPITAL
Author: Grace Bikumbi, Dr Teopista Nalule Kyamanywa and Jacob Shems Siminyu
Keyword: Rewards, Referral
Page No: 103-124
Abstract: - The paper was derived from a bigger study that examined the relationship between rewards and employee performance at Mulago Referral Hospital. The research adopted a case study research design. Da ta was analyzed using descriptive and inferential as well as qualitative methods. The objectives which guided the study were: • To examine the relationship between pay and employee performance • To establish a relationship between training and employee performance and • To assess whether a relationship exists between promotion and employee performance at Mulago Referral Hospital. Findings revealed that: pay, training and promotion were significantly related to employee performance in Mulago Referral Hospital. The study also revealed that pay contributed more to employee performance, followed by promotion and finally training. This implies that training and promoting employee without adequate pay may not motivate them to expend effort on their jobs. On the basis of the findings, the study recommends that: Public Health care Institutions initiates strategies for increasing employee’s pay. The Ministry of Health, the major employer of medical workers in Public health care institutions should revise pay structure of these workers. Institutions should initiate several income generating projects so that they can have funds to supplement the pay of employees. Key words: Rewards, Referral Download PDF


Title: OIL PRICE VOLATILITY AND MACROECONOMIC PERFORMANCE IN NIGERIA: THE PRINCIPAL COMPONENT-GARCH APPROACH
Author: Nwogwugwu, Uche C., Ijomah, Maxwell A., Uzoechina, Benedict I.
Keyword: Macroeconomics, oil price
Page No: 125-134
Abstract: - The Nigerian economy is largely oil-dependent as it accounts for a significant proportion of the Gross Domestic Product. Also the structure of exports in Nigeria shows the acute dominance of this n atural resource. This dominance is further revealed especially with regards to revenue generation by the government. Budgetary allocations are many a time made based on projections about the expected path of oil prices thus making the economy susceptible to volatility emanating from the international oil market. This research work examined oil price shocks and macroeconomic performance in Nigeria using quarterly data 1980Q1-2014Q4. The study tested for the time series properties of the variables and adopted the principal component-generalized autoregressive conditional heteroskedasticy (PCA-GARCH) model to estimate the models. Our results showed that oil price shocks do not have substantial effects on government spending, output, interest rate and inflation rate in Nigeria over the period covered by the study. However, the findings demonstrated that fluctuations in oil prices do substantially affect the real exchange rates in Nigeria. The study also revealed that it is not the oil price itself but rather its manifestation in real exchange rates that affects the fluctuations of aggregate economic activity proxy, the GDP. Thus, we conclude that oil price shock is an important determinant of real exchange rates and in the long run real output, while real output and government expenditure granger cause inflation ratein Nigeria rather than oil price. Download PDF