ARCHIVES(Journal of Harmonized Research in Medical and Health Sciences)


Title: A SINGLE DOSE OF 55MG OF BUPRENORPHINE FOR THE TREATMENT OF HEROIN DEPENDENCE: A NEW RESULT
Author: Jamshid Ahmadi*, Firoozeh Ahmadi, Atefeh Torabi, Shahnaz Ahmadi, Farahnaz Ahmadi
Keyword: Buprenorphine; Heroin withdrawals
Page No: 01-07
Abstract: Background: Heroin abuse is a growing problem. Objective: To assess the efficacy of a single dose of 55 mg of sublingual buprenorphine in the treatment of heroin dependence. Results: Administration o f 55 mg of buprenorphine as a single dose is very helpful in the treatment of heroin dependence. Discussion: The present study clarifies that one dosage of 55 mg of buprenorphine is outstanding for the treatment of heroin dependence. This is a fascinating finding. Conclusion: We concluded that a single dose of sufficient buprenorphine could treat heroin withdrawal symptoms. This finding is a substantial addition to the literature. Key words: Buprenorphine; Heroin withdrawals Download PDF


Title: TIC DISORDER OCCURRED AFTER OPIUM SMOKING: AN ORIGINAL FINDING
Author: Jamshid Ahmadi,
Keyword: Opium smoking: Tic disorders
Page No: 08-13
Abstract: Background: Opium related disorders are common in Asia especially the Middle East. Objective: To inspect the possibility of opium related tic disorders. Results: Opium smoking could prompt tic disord ers. Discussion: This report points out that vocal and shoulder tics and eye blinking could occur few years after opium smoking. So this result could be an original and valuable addition to the literature. Conclusions: It can be presume that tic disorders may come after opium smoking. Key words: Opium smoking: Tic disorders Download PDF


Title: ASSESSMENT OF PROBLEMS AND CONSTRAINTS ASSOCIATED WITH ARTIFICIALIN SEMINATION SERVICE IN THE TWO SELECTED DISTRICTS OF ARSI ZONE
Author: Tegenu Gizaw, Feyera Gemeda Dima
Keyword: School of Veterinary Medicine, Jimma University, Jimma, Ethiopia
Page No: 14-37
Abstract: Artificial insemination is recognized as the best biotechnological technique for increasing reproductive capacity and has received wide spread application in farm animals. A cross sectional study was conducted from November, 2014 to April, 2015 with the objective of assessing the problems and constraints associated with artificial insemination service in two districts of Arsi zone and coming to applicable recommendation. In this study, a structured questionnaire was used and 431 respondents (384 smallholder dairy farmers, 34 Animal health and production professionals (AHPPs) and 13 Artificial insemination technicians) were included. Retrospective data was also included in the study to evaluate the situation of AI service in the study site. According to the study result, 122(31.8%) of the smallholder dairy farmers have got AI service regularly without interruption while 262(68.2%) of them do not due to unavailability of AITs 108(28.1%), discontinuation of service on weekends and holidays 60(15.7%), high cost of service 87(22.7%) and lack of inputs 35(9.1%) with statistical significance between districts (P<0.05). Repeat breeding 287(74.6%), absence of service on weekends 60(15.5%), lack of easy access to animal health 240(60.5%), unavailability of AITs 108(28.1%), disease 327(85.2%), long distance 154 (40.1%), and high cost of service 87(22.6%) were the major identified problems and constraints of AI delivery system in the study area. 60.7 % of farmers take their caws to AI station to get the service while others use phone calling the AI technician. Generally, the questionnaire surveys indicated that artificial insemination service is not in good condition in both districts of the zone. Therefore, artificial insemination service requires urgent measures to change the situation to achieve success. Key words: Artificial Insemination, Dairy Cattle, farm owners, Problems, service. Download PDF


Title: CREATION OF PUBLIC AWARENESS ON HAEMORRHAGIC SEPTICAEMIA IN BOVINE, IN AND AROUND JIMMA AREAS, SOUTH WESTERN PART OF ETHIOPIA
Author: Feyera Gemeda, Diriba Taddese, Eshetu Shumi
Keyword: Hemorrhagic Septicemia, Public Awareness, Bovine, In and Around Jimma Areas
Page No: 38-43
Abstract: A cross sectional study was conducted from September 21, 2014 to August 6, 2015 in Oromia region of Jimma Zone to assess the knowledge gap and Community sensitization on Bovine Haemorrhagic Septicemi a with the aim to create public awareness. This disease is a common cause for death of livestock, and loss of livestock a product throughout the world and it is an endemic disease in countries like Ethiopia,in and around Jima areas in particular. Early treatment improves outcome; however, treatment may be delayed if the owner of the patient animal does not present his animal for medical care until late in the disease process. Lack of knowledge about the syndrome may contribute to delay in presenting for medical care. About 72% of interviewees had never heard of the term "gororsaaloonii (local name of Haemorrhagic Septicemia)". However, we need to minimize the risk and complexity of the disease. General awareness of the disease by the public may increase the perception and attitudes of the community to act against the disease. Increased public awareness of acute Haemorrhagic septicaemia can contributed to reduced mortality rate of the livestock. This example provides a rationale for future efforts to increase the public awareness of Haemorrhagic septicaemia. As there is no previous Extension efforts have focused on imparting knowledge to change environmental behaviors practiced, awareness and intrinsic motivation to protect the environment and keep animals in good hygienic conditions play a strongerrole in adopting behaviors to prevent the spread of the disease. Key Words: Hemorrhagic Septicemia, Public Awareness, Bovine, In and Around Jimma Areas Download PDF


Title: TREATMENT OF CANNABIS RELATED PSYCHOSIS WITH ELECTROCONVULSIVE THERAPY (ECT): A RAPID APPROACH
Author: Jamshid Ahmadi
Keyword: Cannabis related psychosis; ECT
Page No: 44-50
Abstract: Background: Currently cannabis connected disorders are more or less prevalent. Objective: To clarify cannabis related crucial condition. Results: Our psychotic urgent patient responded quickly to ECT . Discussion: This report demonstrated that ECT was life-saving and prominent in handling cannabis caused severe psychotic disorder. Conclusion: It appears that ECT is a safe and rapid approach in the management of urgent cannabis related psychosis. Key words: Cannabis related psychosis; ECT Download PDF


Title: RECURRENT PSYCHOSIS RELATED TO METHAMPHETAMINE
Author: Jamshid Ahmadi
Keyword: Methamphetamine; Psychosis; Double ECT; Single ECT
Page No: 51-54
Abstract: Background: Methamphetamine abuse and methamphetamine induced psychosis is a growing problem in the world especially in Asian countries. Objective: To describe the amazing result of ECT (Electro Conv ulsive Therapy) in the treatment of methamphetamine induced repeated psychosis. Results: ECT especially double ECT (two sessions of ECT in the same session of anesthesia) has an excellent outcome not only in the treatment of methamphetamine-induced psychosis, but also in the management of withdrawal symptoms and craving. Conclusion: Double ECT can be beneficially employed in this serious condition. Key words: Methamphetamine; Psychosis; Double ECT; Single ECT Download PDF


Title: BIOMARKERS IN PULMONARY ARTERIAL HYPERTENSION
Author: Pinar Altin, Jarrod Barnes, Metin Aytekin,*
Keyword: Pulmonary arterial hypertension, biomarkers, clinical outcomes, and diagnosis
Page No: 55-65
Abstract: Pulmonary hypertension (PH) is a heterogeneous disorder likely to be comprised of overlapping syndromes with varying origins and pathobiologies that presents with many phenotypes. Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is progressive and results in the deterioration of cardiopulmonary function and premature death. The mean age at diagnosis of IPAH is 50 years with a higher female to male ratio. Often, PAH is misdiagnosed due to the lack of clinical knowledge of the disease. Presently, clinical, echocardiographic, and hemodynamic parameters are the most decisive methods for evaluation, prognosis, and diagnosis of PAH. These patients routinely require supportive evidence for the diagnosis of PAH. Therefore, additional methods such as non-invasive biomarkers are necessary help to assess patient prognosis, clinical outcomes, and overall quality of life for patients with PAH. Over the years, researchers have uncovered new biomarkers important for our understanding of the pathophysiology of PAH. In this review, we discuss PAH diagnosis and progression as well as common and potentially novel biological markers used in the prognosis, diagnosis, and mortality prediction of PAH. Key words: Pulmonary arterial hypertension, biomarkers, clinical outcomes, and diagnosis Download PDF