ARCHIVES(Journal of Harmonized Research in Applied Science)


Title: DETERMINATION OF THE LEVEL OF SOME VITAMIN IN WHEATGRASS AND GRASS
Author: K. Irak, H. Mert, I. H. Yoruk, I. D. Sogutlu, N. Mert
Keyword: HPLC- high performance liquid chromatography; WGJ-wheat grass juice; DNPH- 2,4-Dinitrophenylhydrazine. Key words: Vita
Page No: 145-150
Abstract: Various studies are performed by researchers using nutritional and physical techniques on the number of substances for health and long life, as known anti-aging or detox. One of the most striking det ox or anti-aging materials are the sprouts or wheatgrass In this study it is aimed to emphasize the importance and the quantity of the certain vitamins in the green part of the wheatgrass obtained by germinating of wheat grains and grass. Washed over a clean container closed with a thin layer of cotton and wheat grains supplied water spilling allowed to remain moist to germinate. When the sprouted wheat length of 12-14 cm after germination was cut, were divided into one-gram pieces. These samples were crushed in porcelain pot and treated with in the appropriate solvent. Then, alpha and gamma tocopherol levels were measured by HPLC, and retinol and ascorbic acid were determined spectrophotometrically. The amounts of ascorbic acid, ß-carotene, retinol, a-tocopherol, ?-tocopherol in analyzed samples of wheat grass; 341.63 mg/dL, 8424.81 mcg/dL, 60.45 mcg/dL, 2.15 mcg/dl, 4.00 mcg/dl, and in lawn 411.46 mg/dL, 9140.07 µg/dl, 142.86 µg/dl, 3.42 µg/dl, 5.04 µg/dl respectively. The average levels of vitamin C, a-tokoferol and ?-tokoferol was significantly important between 2 types of samples. ?-carotene and retinol level differences were not significant. It was concluded that the daily requirement of antioxidant vitamins in humans the wheat grass juice has been concluded significant to meet. Abbreviations: HPLC- high performance liquid chromatography; WGJ-wheat grass juice; DNPH- 2,4-Dinitrophenylhydrazine. Key words: Vitamin, Ascorbic Acid, ß-carotene, retinol, a-tocopherol, ?-tocopherol Wheatgrass, Grass Download PDF


Title: PREPARATION OF METHYL METHACRYLATE –STYRENE COPOLYMER USING TO DENTURE PROTEASES
Author: Omid Louie*, Zinat Gordi, Azam Louie
Keyword: Poly methyl methacrylate (PMMA), Styrene - Methyl methacrylate Copolymer
Page No: 151-155
Abstract: Poly methyl methacrylate (PMMA) is the most common material used in Prosthetic dentures [1-2]. Various attempts have been made to avoid breaking prosthesis are like changing the chemical structur e of the resin with the addition of cross linking agents or copolymerization [3-5]. The innovative method for improving the physical properties of the prosthesis and increase strength, a copolymer of styrene - methyl methacrylate (St-Co-MMA) was proposed. The St-Co-MMA by weight percentages (20-80, 40-60, 50-50, 60-40 & 80-20) were synthesized. Increasing styrene wv% in copolymer this causes that the tensile strength increased until it reached a certain value, at the maximum tensile strength. The tensile strength decreased while more than styrene copolymer. St-Co-MMA characterized by FTIR, NMR spectroscopic methods. TGA, decomposition temperature (TD) and tensile strength were measured according to ISO 1567 standard. In this project its showed the highest tensile strength of the synthetic styrene - methyl methacrylate copolymer was (20-80)wv%. Keywords: Poly methyl methacrylate (PMMA), Styrene - Methyl methacrylate Copolymer Download PDF


Title: EFFECT OF Ca(H2PO4)2 ON AZOLLA
Author: Syed Khalid Mustafa
Keyword: Azolla, superphosphate, Bio fertilizer, Pinnata, Prostrata, Erecta.
Page No: 156-159
Abstract: Abstract Ca (H2PO4)2 is a chemical fertilizer, commercially known as superphosphate and commonly known as bone-ash and usually sold in open market for agriculture purposes. Whatever, whenever, whereve r and whensoever phosphate fertilizer is given to the standing crop only 20% of phosphate is taken up and utilized by the crop and the rest 80% is remain suspended in the soil, unless until the microbial activity is not interacting with the suspended phosphate parties. Especially microbes, lower algae and Azolla have the capacity to utilize this suspended phosphate particles through their metabolic activity. Different species of Azolla, distilled water, Natural Pond water and superphosphate were taken to the laboratory and successive observations were noted from 1st June (2014) upto May 31st (2015) and again from 1st June (2015) up to May 31st (2016). Keywords:-Azolla, superphosphate, Bio fertilizer, Pinnata, Prostrata, Erecta. Download PDF


Title: ENHANCED CARE THROUGH INTERPROFESSIONAL EDUCATION AMONG DENTAL HYGIENE AND OCCUPATIONAL THERAPY STUDENTS
Author: *Dr. Amy L. Sullivan and Dr. Peter Giroux
Keyword: Interprofessional Education between Dental Hygiene and Occupational Therapy
Page No: 160-163
Abstract: Abstract Hypothesis: Knowledge, comfort level, and competency with wheelchair transfers, vital signs, and oral care with dental hygiene (DH) and occupational therapy (OT) students will be enhanced bas ed on this interprofessional education (IPE) learning opportunity. Method: A laboratory hands-on clinical experience was specifically designed for collaboration between DH and OT professors and 2nd year DH/OT students. Pre and post tests surveys as well as competency check-off by professors were utilized as outcome measures for this experimental, cross-sectional, quantitative design. Outcome: Pre and post tests revealed improvement in all areas through descriptive analysis. After this IPE, 100% of DH students reported feeling average or above average in knowledge of wheelchairs, comfort level with a wheelchair patient, and performance of wheelchair transfers. OT students (100%) also reported feeling average or above average in knowledge of oral care, comfort level of denture clients, tooth brushing performance, and vital signs. Additionally, all DH/OT collaborative teams successfully completed the competency check offs by the DH and OT professors. Conclusion: Students from each of the professions take with them a mutual respect for each other’s profession and healthcare team. These shared values have been practiced at the University between DH and OT for over 10 years. Key words: Interprofessional Education between Dental Hygiene and Occupational Therapy Download PDF


Title: ENHANCING RURAL FOOD SECURITY AND CONSERVING NATURAL ENVIRONMENT THROUGH IMPROVED BEEKEEPING IN ASANO KOTO WATERSHED, ETHIOPIA
Author: Teklu Gebretsadik
Keyword: Food security, watershed conservation, integrated beekeeping, Siltie zone, Ethiopia
Page No: 164-175
Abstract: The role of bees in agriculture, in maintaining biodiversity and in sustainable livelihoods and food security has been widely demonstrated. Nevertheless, the potential of beekeeping is far too often not exploited in forest activities and development programmes, because the benefits of bees and beekeeping are not well known to stakeholders. This paper is aimed to provide farmers and stakeholders in the beekeeping on the conservation sector with information and arguments to convince them to view beekeeping as aviable commercial and protective measure that should always be considered in conservation programmes. The study revealed that by increasing beekeeping skill, honey producers in the watershed realized the value and the need to conserve watershed as they obtained alternative income from honey production as high value commodity. Adoption of beekeeping was realized to be appropriate adaptation measures following the fact that it improved livelihood of local people and enhanced sustainable conservation of the natural environment. Therefore, if watershed conservation and livelihood preservation are to occur, it is important to bring the voices of honey producers to the forefront of watershed conservation efforts. The study also determined several factors that have been barriers to wider adoption of beekeeping at Asano koto watershed. These include lack of appropriate beekeeping skills among local people, financial constraints and environmental factors. To promote and sustain beekeeping among rural communities at the watershed, improvement of extension services, tree planting campaign and microfinance services have been suggested. Keywords: Food security, watershed conservation, integrated beekeeping, Siltie zone, Ethiopia Download PDF


Title: POTENTIAL AND THREATS ON NATIONAL PARKS: THE CASE OF NECH SAR NATIONAL PARK
Author: Annissa Muhammed, Belayneh Bufebo, Eyasu Elias
Keyword: Nech Sar National Park, Swayne’s hartebeest , Gazetted, win-win approach
Page No: 176-184
Abstract: This review was made in Nech Sar national park which is one of the protected areas of Rift valley in Ethiopia. The objective of this review was to assess the potential and threats on Nech Sar nationa l park to be an indicator for the better management of protected area in the country Ethiopia. The methodology followed was mainly reviewing articles from known journals, reports and thesis pertinent to the topic. The available materials were systematically selected on the basis of content, relevance and their publication time and concrete evidence were presented about the current status of the park. Nech Sar national park is among IUCN category II National Park in Ethiopia and established in 1974 to conserve the endemic Swayne’s hartebeest and other key species as well as preserving its scenic beauty. The park’s landscape includes extensive grasslands, savannah, mountains and hills and has a variety of habitats ranging from savannah, dry bush and ground water forests (EWNHS, 2001). However, this Park is not yet gazetted. The problems are more intensified and the wildlife population has gradually declined from time to time. Some of the major problems that contribute to the destruction of natural habitats, and hence wildlife in NNP were overgrazing by livestock, deforestation for agricultural expansion and harvesting fuel wood (charcoal and firewood) (NNP annual report,2010). Based on our intense review we conclude that to preserve the floral and faunal diversity and to conserve the scenic features and natural resources within the park win-win approach should be established to resolve the conflict of interest among the park administrator and the local community. Keywords: Nech Sar National Park, Swayne’s hartebeest , Gazetted, win-win approach Download PDF