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Title: GAME WITH FUZZY PAYOFFS AND CRISP GAME
Author: Arti Chouksey and Dr. Sonal Bharti
Keyword: Fuzzy set, bi-matrix, membership function, cooperative game
Page No: 17-22
DOI: 10.30876/JOHR.7.3.2019.17-22
Abstract: In this paper we consider a bi-matrix game with fuzzy payoffs. To compare a fuzzy numbers, some different ordering operators can be used. We define Nash equilibrium in fuzzy game using the ordering op erator. The game with crisp payoffs is associated with the original game. Here, crisp payoffs are the operator’s value on a fuzzy payoff. We propose the following statement: if the ordering operator is linear, then the game with payoffs has same Nash equilibrium strategy profile as the crisp game. We present an algorithm for constructing a Nash equilibrium in a bi-matrix game with fuzzy payoffs and we are using this fact. We use such ordering operators, and construct the Nash equilibrium in examples of bi-matrix games. Key Word: Fuzzy set, bi-matrix, membership function, cooperative game Download PDF


Title: HYDROPHOBIC MAPPING OF CHLOROBIUM TEPIDUM, THE ENERGY GENERATING BACTERIA
Author: Anindita Roy Chowdhury*and Anushka Kothari
Keyword: Chlorobium tepidum, hydrophobicity, structure of protein, Fauchere and Pliska scale, PDB
Page No: 98-106
DOI: 10.30876/JOHR.7.3.2019.98-106
Abstract: Among the four major forces responsible for the three dimensional structure of a protein, hydrophobic force is the dominant one. A protein is functional only after it attains its three dimensional str ucture. In this age of rising popularity of alternate energy resources, it is known that the bacteria, Chlorobium tepidum is capable of harvesting energy. In this paper, the authors aim to investigate the hydrophobic mapping of protein sequences of Chlorobium tepidum.Download PDF


Title: ANTIDIABETIC AND ANTIOXIDANT ACTIVITY OF AQUEOUS ROOT EXTRACT OF CHLOROPHYTUM BORIVILIUANUM (SAFED MUSLI)
Author: Hemlata Rathore, Bhushan Hatwar & Shishupal Bodhankar
Keyword: Chlorophytum boriviliuanum, Antidiabetic & Antioxidant
Page No: 37-43
DOI: 10.30876/JOHR.8.3.2019.37-43
Abstract: Objective: To investigate the antidiabetic effect of aqueous extract of Chlorophytum borivilianum (safed musli) root. Methods: The collected roots were washed; shade dried and was pulverized with a me chanical pulverizer for the size reduction. It was then passed through mesh of size # 60 and the fine powder was collected and was used for the experiment for powder microscopy and preparation of extract. The root powder (1000 g) was subjected to cold maceration in 2 L of sterile distilled water for 48 hours at room temperature, filtered into a clean round bottom flask. The a- Glucosidase inhibitory activity was conducted where 100µl of a sample of different concentrations was incubated with 50µl a-glucosidase (1.0 U/ml) (from Saccharomyces cerevisiae) in phosphate buffer (0.1 M, pH 6.8) for 10 min at 37°C. The reaction was initiated by addition of 50 µl of substrate: 5 mM, p-nitrophenyl-a-D glucopyranoside in a 0.1 M phosphate buffer at pH 6.8. P-nitrophenol’s release kinetics. The a -Amylase Inhibition where 250µL of the extract (5mg/mL) was preincubated with 250µL of -amylase solution for 10min at 25°C in one set of tubes. In another set of tubes -amylase was preincubated with 250µL of phosphate buffer (pH 6.9). 250µL of starch solution at increasing concentrations (0.30–5.0mg/mL) was added to both sets of reaction mixtures to start the reaction. The mixture was then incubated for 10min at 25°C and then boiled for 5min after the addition of 500µL of DNS to stop the reaction. Results: In this study acarbose was also used as a standard drug for a-glucosidase inhibitor. Acarbose at a concentration of (100-1000 µg/ml) showed a-glucosidase inhibitory activity from 30. 31±0.1084to 84.05±0.2075% with an IC value 411.436567µg dry extract, & acarbose was also used as a standard drug for a amylase inhibitor. Acarbose at a concentration of (100-1000 µg/ml) showed a-glucosidase inhibitory activity from 23.33±0.1415 to 62.05±0.2725% with an IC value 236.774194µg dry extract. Conclusions: As a result, we found that the extract of C. boriviliamum have free radical scavenging activity and inhibitory activity against a-amylase and a-glucosidase and this therapeutic potentiality could be exploited in the management of post prandial hyperglycemia in the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus. Download PDF


Title: BILATERAL LOWER LIMB REGIONAL NERVE BLOCK SUPPLEMENTED WITH EPIDURAL PROVED BOON IN PATIENT OF BILATERAL FEMUR PLATING WITH SEVERE HEART DISEASE: A CASE REPORT
Author: Dr. Chetan Ronghe and Dr. Sheetal Dalal
Keyword: cardiac patient, hypotension, Hemodynamic responses
Page No: 11-12
Abstract: A high risk cardiac patient always poses risk, due to possible intra and post-operative hemodynamic instability. Nerve block proves as an effective anaesthesia and analgesia technique in lower limbs s urgeries without hemodynamic instability in these patients. Epidural anaesthesia has favourable effects on coronary circulation.Download PDF


Title: CHARACTERIZATION OF PRIMARY AND SECONDARY LIVER TUMOURS DIAGNOSED AT THE UNIVERSITY TEACHING HOSPITALS IN LUSAKA, ZAMBIA
Author: Steward Mudenda*, Webrod Mufwambi, Trevor Kaile, Julius Peter and Michelo Banda
Keyword: Liver tumours, histological phenotypes, hepatocellular carcinoma, cholangiocarcinoma, Zambia.
Page No: 13-19
DOI: 10.30876/JOHR.6.3.2019.13-19
Abstract: The incidence and prevalence of liver tumours has increased globally over the past decades. This increase in liver tumours has led to an increase in morbidity and mortality. Phenotypic characterisatio n of liver tumours is important as it helps in planning for targeted management of diagnosed liver tumours. The aim of this study was to investigate the phenotypic distribution of primary and secondary liver tumours diagnosed at the University Teaching Hospitals in Lusaka, Zambia. Materials/Methods: This was a retrospective cross-sectional study that was conducted on 34 formalin-fixed paraffin embeddedliver tissue blocks at the University Teaching Hospitals. These archived liver tissues were isolated from 2012 to 2015. Tissues were cut for histological analysis using a microtome. Haematoxylin and Eosin staining were done on the slides to confirm hepatic tumour status. Data was analysed using Statistical Package Social Sciences version 20.0. Fisher’s exact test was used to determine the association between variables. Statistical significance was conducted at 95% confidence interval with a p<0.05that indicate statistical significance. Results:From the examined 34 cases, the patient age distribution of liver tumours was as follows; <10 years (8.8%), 10-20 years (8.8%), 21-30 years (20.6%), 31-40 years (14.7%), 41-50 years (14.7%), 51-60 years (17.6%), 61-70 years (11.8%), and >70 years (2.9%). Liver tumours affect more males 19/34 (55.88%) than females 15/34 (44.12%). The male to female ratio of patients diagnosed with liver tumours was found to be 1.3:1 and p=0.03. The histological phenotypes of liver tumours recorded in this study included 17/34 (50%) hepatocellular carcinomas, 6/34 (17.6%) metastatic adenocarcinomas, 4/34 (11.8%) intrahepatic cholangiocarcinomas, 3/34 (8.8%) hepatoblastomas, 2/34 (5.9%) metastatic small cell carcinomas, and 2/34 (5.9 %) hepatic adenomas. There was a statistical significance between primary and secondary liver tumours as was evidenced by a p=0.04. Conclusion: Liver tumours affect patients mostly in the age group of 21-30 years. The study further reported that liver tumours affect more males than females. Furthermore, hepatocellular carcinoma, a primary liver tumouristhe most common histologically diagnosed liver tumour at the University Teaching Hospitals followed by metastatic adenocarcinomas. Keywords: Liver tumours, histological phenotypes, hepatocellular carcinoma, cholangiocarcinoma, Zambia. Download PDF


Title: A STUDY ON FINANCIAL PERFORMANCE OF CEMENT COMPANIES IN INDIA WITH SPECIAL REFERENCE TO AMBUJA CEMENTS LIMITED AND ACC CEMENTS LIMITED –A COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS
Author: Dontha Ranganath Dr. D. Chandra Sekhara Naidu Dr.K.Nagamani
Keyword: Ambuja Cement, ACC cement, Relationship Analysis.
Page No: 33-36
DOI: 10.30876/JOHR.5.3.2019.33-36
Abstract: India is the second largest manufacturer of cement in the world. Cement production increased at a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 9.7 per cent in the period 2006– 2018, producing 272 million ton nes (MT). The production capacity is projected to reach 550 MT by Financial year 2020. In this study, the author select two company’s ambuja cement is the largest cement company in India and another largest leading cement production company i.e. ACC cements companies. Cement users worldwide at the beginning of the 1950s, ACC has installed four numbers of ball. FL smith mills for cement grinding. For him results comparative analysis, two companies are improve the soundness position in the short term of the companies.Download PDF


Title: FINANCIALS ANALYSIS OF PRIVATE SECTOR COMPANIES WITH GOVERNMENT OWNED COMPANY
Author: Dontha Ranganath Dr. D. Chandra Sekhara Naidu Dr.K.Nagamani
Keyword: Private Sector Companies, Government Owned Company, T Test, Ratio Analysis, ANOVA, Means, Financial Performance.
Page No: 37-43
DOI: 10.30876/JOHR.5.3.2019.37-43
Abstract: The aim of the study is to reveal the financial performance of Indian private sector companies with government owned company. The study analysis of tested whether the financials of private sector and government owned company are managed as par the rules or is there any lagging behind because of red-tapism and efficiency in the government owned Cement Company. Comparison of working capital, comparison of ratio analysis of private companies with government owned companies. Download PDF


Title: IMPACT OFBANK FINANCING ON THE GENERATION OF INCOMEBENEFICIARIES: A STUDY ON ANDHRA PRAGATHI GRAMEENA BANK IN KURNOOL DISTRICT, ANDHRA PRADESH
Author: K.Thirupathaiah, Prof. B. Krishna reddy, Dr.K.Nagamani
Keyword: The impact of bank financing on the generation of income, the generation of employment and the creation of assets of the beneficiaries of the sample in the pre-loan and post-loan periods.
Page No: 44-53
DOI: 10.30876/JOHR.5.3.2019.44-53
Abstract: The main objective of the Andhra Pragathi Grammeena Bank, as part of the government's strategy for rural development, was to help weaker sections to generate activities through the provision of credit . The intention was that the extended credit facilities would allow defenders to participate effectively in income-generating activities during the post-loan period so that weaker sections, in particular, would rise above the poverty line. Download PDF