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Title: ECOTOURISM -ONE MEANS OF ATTEMPTING TO ACHIEVE SUSTAINABILITY
Author: Ms. Meera Ranjith, Dr. Sanjukta Sattar
Keyword: Ecotourism, Sustainable Development, Protected Areas
Page No: 01-05
Abstract: Ecotourism is a part of nature-based tourism and most of the activities of ecotourism are carried out in the natural environment. Nature is the primary element of ecotourism along with the people and culture of the place. The unique features of ecotourism include the direct interactions of the visitors with nature and culture for the purpose of enjoying, studying and admiring the natural beauty and its typical interdependences. Ecotourism activities are broadly divided into soft or hard, low-impact or high-impact, participatory or non-participatory, exploitive or active or passive, consumptive or non consumptive, and voluntary or non-voluntary. The involvement of eco-tourists in the various activities largely generate direct demand for the rooms, vehicles, guides, foods, handicrafts, etc and indirect demand for supporting services to meet the direct demand of eco-tourists. In this process, visitor expenditures induce the income of the local people and in turn, the local economy gets strengthened. Apart from the positive impacts, there are negative social, economic, cultural, environmental and ecological impacts. However, ecotourism activities create both positive and negative impacts for which maximum precautionary measures should be taken to ensure sustainable ecotourism development. Download PDF


Title: FORMULATION DEVELOPMENT AND EVALUATION OF LOZENGES CONTAINING POLYHERBAL EXTRACT OF CINNAMOMUM TAMALA AND SPILANTHES ACMELLA
Author: Pooja C. Deshpande, Dinesh M. Biyani, Avinash O, Maske, Dr.Milind Umekar and Bhushan Hatwar
Keyword: Cinnamomum Tamala and Spilanthes Acmella extract, antimicrobial evaluation, Phytochemical screening, lozenges, evaluation parameter.
Page No: 01-10
DOI: 10.30876/JOHR.9.1.2020.01-10
Abstract: In recent year, the growing demand of herbal has lead to a quantum jump in a volume of plant material traded within and across the country. Cinnamomum Tamala and Spilanthes Acmella is an important me dicinal plant, commonly known as Tejpatta (Cinnamomum Tamala ) and Akarkara (Spilanthes Acmella) which rich source of therapeutic constituent. The aim of this research to develop of modern dosage form such as lozenges associated with an extended period of local remedy with beneficial therapeutic effect. The combination of Cinnamomum Tamala leaves and Spilanthes Acmella flowers extract exhibit antimicrobial property against the selected microorganism (staphylococcus aureus, streptococcus mutans and Escherichia coli). The qualitative Phytochemical screening of ethanol, methanol and petroleum ether extracts of both Cinnamomum Tamala leaves and Spilanthes Acmella flowers extract was performed and confirmed the presence of many phytochemicals like alkaloids, flavonoids, glycosides and triterpenes . From the result obtained it can be concluded that the optimized formula F3 was selected for the formulation of tablet lozenges and was prepared by direct compression method which exhibit optimum friability, weight uniformity, hardness and disintegration time. Download PDF